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C4H6, Pharmaceuticals

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Food Additives (7)
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CROTONALDEHYDE (15798-64-8, 4170-30-3, 123-73-9)  
Crotonal  ·  2-butenal  ·  2-butenal, (E)-isomer
gamma-Butyrolactone (96-48-0, 187997-16-6)  
gamma Butyrolactone  ·  4-Butyrolactone  ·  4-Hydroxybutyric Acid Lactone
γ-Butyrolactone (GBL) is a hygroscopic colorless liquid with a weak characteristic odor and profoundly disgusting taste. Soluble in water, GBL is a common solvent and reagent in chemistry as well as being used as a flavouring, as a cleaning solvent, as a superglue remover, and as a solvent in some wet aluminium electrolytic capacitors. In humans it acts as a prodrug for γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), and it is used as a recreational intoxicant with effects similar to alcohol.
succinic acid (110-15-6)  
Succinate  ·  Butanedioic Acid  ·  Ammonium Succinate
Succinic acid () is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2. The name derives from Latin succinum, meaning amber. In living organisms, succinic acid takes the form of an anion, succinate, which has multiple biological roles as a metabolic intermediate being converted into fumarate by the enzyme succinate dehydrogenase in complex 2 of the electron transport chain which is involved in making ATP, and as a signaling molecule reflecting the cellular metabolic state.
acetazolamide (59-66-5)  
Diamox  ·  Acetazolam  ·  Ak Zol
Acetazolamide, sold under the trade name Diamox among others, is a medication used to treat glaucoma, epilepsy, altitude sickness, periodic paralysis, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and heart failure. It may be used long term for the treatment of open angle glaucoma and short term for acute angle closure glaucoma until surgery can be carried out. It is taken by mouth or injection into a vein.
malic acid (78644-42-5, 6915-15-7, 617-48-1)  
malate  ·  malic acid, disodium salt, (S)-isomer  ·  calcium (hydroxy-1-malate) hexahydrate
Malic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H6O5. It is a dicarboxylic acid that is made by all living organisms, contributes to the pleasantly sour taste of fruits, and is used as a food additive. Malic acid has two stereoisomeric forms (L- and D-enantiomers), though only the L-isomer exists naturally.
allantoin (97-59-6)  
Herpecin L  ·  HerpecinL  ·  Woun'dres
Allantoin is a chemical compound with formula C4H6N4O3. It is also called 5-ureidohydantoin or glyoxyldiureide. It is a diureide of glyoxylic acid.
CROTONIC ACID (3724-65-0, 107-93-7)  
3-methylacrylic acid  ·  trans-2-butenoic acid
Crotonic acid ((E)-2-butenoic acid) or is a short-chain unsaturated carboxylic acid, described by the formula CH3CH=CHCO2H. It is also called crotonic acid because it was erroneously thought to be a saponification product of croton oil. It crystallizes as needles from hot water.
2,3-Dimercaptosuccinic acid (304-55-2, 2418-14-6)  
DMSA  ·  Succimer  ·  Dimercaptosuccinic Acid
Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), also called succimer, is a medication used to treat lead, mercury, and arsenic poisoning. When radiolabeled with technetium-99m, it is used in a number of types of diagnostic testing. It is taken by mouth for 19 days.
methimazole (60-56-0)  
Tapazole  ·  Metizol  ·  Mercazole
4-Methylimidazole (822-36-6)  
4(5)-methylimidazole  ·  4-methylimidazole oxalate (1:1)  ·  4-methylimidazole hydride
4-Methylimidazole (4-MeI or 4-MEI) is a heterocyclic organic chemical compound with molecular formula H 3C–C 3H 3N 2 or C 4H 6N 2. It is formally derived from imidazole through replacement of the hydrogen in position 4 by a methyl group. It is a slightly yellowish solid.
Calcium acetate (62-54-4)  
Phoslo  ·  acetic acid, calcium salt  ·  acetic acid, calcium salt (2:1)
Calcium acetate is a chemical compound which is a calcium salt of acetic acid. It has the formula Ca(C2H3O2)2. Its standard name is calcium acetate, while calcium ethanoate is the systematic name.
4-Methylpyrazole (7554-65-6)  
fomepizole  ·  Antizol  ·  4-methylpyrazole monohydrochloride
Fomepizole, also known as 4-methylpyrazole, is a medication used to treat methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning. It may be used alone or in together with hemodialysis. It is given by injection into a vein.
acetoacetic acid (541-50-4)  
acetoacetate  ·  oxobutyrate  ·  3-oxobutyric acid
Acetoacetic acid (also diacetic acid) is the organic compound with the formula CH3COCH2COOH. It is the simplest beta-keto acid group, and like other members of this class, it is unstable. The methyl and ethyl esters, which are quite stable, are produced on a large scale industrially as precursors to dyes.
Methylmalonic acid (516-05-2)  
Methylmalonic acid (MMA) (conjugate base methylmalonate) is a dicarboxylic acid that is a C-methylated derivative of malonate. The coenzyme A linked form of methylmalonic acid, methylmalonyl-CoA, is converted into succinyl-CoA by methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, in a reaction that requires vitamin B12 as a cofactor. In this way, it enters the Krebs cycle, and is thus part of one of the anaplerotic reactions.
DL-Tartaric acid (133-37-9, 526-83-0, 868-14-4)  
tartrate  ·  tartaric acid  ·  potassium tartrate
Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many plants, most notably in grapes. Its salt, potassium bitartrate, commonly known as cream of tartar, develops naturally in the process of winemaking. It is commonly mixed with sodium bicarbonate and is sold as baking powder used as a leavening agent in food preparation.
2-oxobutanoic acid (600-18-0)  
2-ketobutyrate  ·  2-oxobutanoate  ·  alpha-ketobutyric acid
α-Ketobutyric acid is a product of the lysis of cystathionine. It is also one of the degradation products of threonine, produced by the catabolism of the amino acid by threonine dehydratase. It is also produced by the degradation of homocysteine and the metabolism of methionine.
Magnesium acetate (142-72-3)  
Anhydrous magnesium acetate has the chemical formula Mg(C2H3O2)2 and in its hydrated form, magnesium acetate tetrahydrate, it has the chemical formula Mg(CH3COO)2 • 4H2O. In this compound magnesium has an oxidation state of 2+. Magnesium acetate is the magnesium salt of acetic acid.
dihydrouracil (504-07-4)  
Dihydrouracil is an intermediate in the catabolism of uracil.
ERYTHRITYL TETRANITRATE (7297-25-8)  
Cardilate
Erythritol tetranitrate (ETN) is an explosive compound chemically similar to PETN. It is however thought to be 1/3 more sensitive to friction and impact. ETN is not well known, but in recent years has been used by amateur experimenters to replace PETN in improvised detonation cord or in boosters to initiate larger, less sensitive explosive charges.
Glycoluril (496-46-8)  
acetyleneurea  ·  tetrahydroimidazo(4,5-d)imidazole-2,5(1H,3H)-dione  ·  perhydroimidazo(4,5-d)imidazole-2,5-dione
Glycoluril is an organic chemical composed of two cyclic urea groups joined across the same two-carbon chain. It is a white powder that has been used in water treatment, in paints and coatings, and occasionally as a slow-release fertilizer, and also occurs as the most prevalent impurity in commercial allantoin supplies. Glycouril itself and derivatives of it are used as monomers for producing the macrocyclic cucurbiturils polymers, which serve as hosts to bind to various neutral and anionic species.
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