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Similar to 6,7-Dimethoxy-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline
, Convulsants

Categories

Drugs acting on the nervous system (2)
Natural opium alkaloids (2)
Neurotoxins (2)
Opium (2)
Psychoactive drugs (2)

Laudanosine (1699-51-0, 2688-77-9)  
Laudanosine or N-methyltetrahydropapaverine is a recognized metabolite of atracurium and cisatracurium. Laudanosine decreases the seizure threshold, and thus it can induce seizures if present at sufficient threshold concentrations; however such concentrations are unlikely to be produced consequent to chemodegradable metabolism of clinically administered doses of cisatracurium or atracurium. Laudanosine also occurs naturally in minute amounts (0.1%) in opium, from which it was first isolated in 1871.
NSC 35045 (2688-77-9)  
laudanosine
Laudanosine or N-methyltetrahydropapaverine is a recognized metabolite of atracurium and cisatracurium. Laudanosine decreases the seizure threshold, and thus it can induce seizures if present at sufficient threshold concentrations; however such concentrations are unlikely to be produced consequent to chemodegradable metabolism of clinically administered doses of cisatracurium or atracurium. Laudanosine also occurs naturally in minute amounts (0.1%) in opium, from which it was first isolated in 1871.

Related Results:
Cocculin (124-87-8)  
Picrotoxin
Picrotoxin, also known as cocculin, is a poisonous crystalline plant compound. It was first isolated by the French pharmacist and chemist Pierre François Guillaume Boullay (1777–1869) in 1812. The name "picrotoxin" is a combination of the Greek words "picros" (bitter) and "toxicon" (poison).
Pentylenetetrazol (54-95-5)  
Metrazol  ·  Cardiazol  ·  Pentylenetetrazole
Pentylenetetrazol, also known as pentylenetetrazole, metrazol, pentetrazol (INN), pentamethylenetetrazol, Corazol, Cardiazol or PTZ, is a drug formerly used as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant. High doses cause convulsions, as discovered by the Hungarian-American neurologist and psychiatrist Ladislas J. Meduna in 1934.
Genostrychnine (23257-79-6, 7248-28-4)  
Movellan  ·  strychnine N-oxide  ·  strychnine N-oxide hydrochloride
picrotoxinin (17617-45-7)  
picrotoxinine
bicuculline (485-49-4)  
6-(5,6,7,8-Tetrahydro-6-methyl-1,3-dioxolo(4,5-g)isoquinolin-5-yl)furo(3,4-e)1,3-benzodioxol-8(6H)one
GANAXOLONE (38398-32-2)  
Ganaxolone is an experimental CNS-selective GABAA modulator that is under development by Marinus Pharmaceuticals as an anxiolytic and anticonvulsant agent. Ganaxolone has been shown to protect against seizures in animal models, and to act a positive allosteric modulator of the GABAA receptor. Ganaxolone is being investigated for potential medical use in the treatment of epilepsy.
aniracetam (72432-10-1)  
1-anisoyl-2-pyrrolidinone  ·  Ro 13-5057  ·  1-(4-methoxybenzoyl)-2-pyrrolidinone
Aniracetam (brand names Draganon, Sarpul, Ampamet, Memodrin, Referan), also known as N-anisoyl-2-pyrrolidinone, is a racetam which is sold in Europe as a prescription drug. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in the United States.
Gyki-52466 (102771-26-6)  
GYKI 52466  ·  1-(p-aminophenyl)-4-methyl-7,8-methylenedioxy-5H-2,3-benzodiazepine hydrochloride
GYKI-52466 is a 2,3-benzodiazepine that acts as an ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonist, which is a non-competitive AMPA receptor antagonist (IC50 values are 10-20, ~ 450 and >> 50 μM for AMPA- , kainate- and NMDA-induced responses respectively), orally-active anticonvulsant, and skeletal muscle relaxant. Unlike conventional 1,4-benzodiazepines, GYKI-52466 and related 2,3-benzodiazepines do not act on GABAA receptors. Like other AMPA receptor antagonists, GYKI-52466 has anticonvulsant and neuroprotective properties.
Picrotoxinum (124-87-8)  
Picrotoxin
Picrotoxin, also known as cocculin, is a poisonous crystalline plant compound. It was first isolated by the French pharmacist and chemist Pierre François Guillaume Boullay (1777–1869) in 1812. The name "picrotoxin" is a combination of the Greek words "picros" (bitter) and "toxicon" (poison).
Dioxadrol (6495-46-1)  
Dexoxadrol (Dioxadrol) is a dissociative anaesthetic drug which has been found to be an NMDA antagonist and produces similar effects to PCP in animals. Dexoxadrol, along with another related drug etoxadrol, were developed as analgesics for use in humans, but development was discontinued after patients reported side effects such as nightmares and hallucinations.
Tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (567-03-3, 567-02-2)  
THDOC  ·  5alpha-pregnan-3alpha,21-diol-20-one  ·  tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone, (3alpha,5alpha)-isomer
Tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (abbreviated as THDOC; 3α,21-dihydroxy-5α-pregnan-20-one), also referred to as allotetrahydrocorticosterone, is an endogenous neurosteroid. It is synthesized from the adrenal hormone deoxycorticosterone by the action of two enzymes, 5α-reductase type I and 3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. THDOC is a potent positive allosteric modulator of the GABAA receptor, and has sedative, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effects.
70449-94-4 (70449-94-4)  
Dizocilpine  ·  MK801  ·  MK 801
strychnine (57-24-9)  
Strychnine Nitrate
Strychnine ( STRIK-neen; also US: STRIK-nyne or STRIK-nin) is a highly toxic, colorless, bitter, crystalline alkaloid used as a pesticide, particularly for killing small vertebrates such as birds and rodents. Strychnine, when inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through the eyes or mouth, causes poisoning which results in muscular convulsions and eventually death through asphyxia. While it has no known medicinal effects, in the past the convulsant effect was believed to be beneficial in small doses.
bemegride (64-65-3)  
Megimide  ·  Ethylmethylglutarimide  ·  Methetharimide
Bemegride (trademarked as Megimide) is a central nervous system stimulant and antidote for barbiturate poisoning as its chemoreceptor agonism increases mean tidal volume, thereby increasing respiration and the concentration of O2 in blood although it may be theoretically used as a supportive measure in treating any depressant overdose. The drug was first synthesized in 1911. As with other chemoreceptor agonists, it is a potent emetic at doses above those normally used in management of barbiturate overdose although emesis and aspiration are a concern during treatment.
Ifenprodil (23210-56-2, 23210-58-4)  
4-benzyl-alpha-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-beta-methyl-1-piperidineethanol  ·  ifenprodil tartrate (2:1), (R-(R*,R*))-isomer  ·  ifenprodil, (R*,S*)-(+-)-isomer
Ifenprodil is an inhibitor of the NMDA receptor, specifically of GluN1 (glycine-binding NMDA receptor subunit 1) and GluN2B (glutamate-binding NMDA receptor subunit 2) subunits. Additionally, ifenprodil inhibits GIRK channels, and interacts with alpha1 adrenergic, serotonin, and sigma receptors. NMDA receptors are multimeric ionotropic glutamate receptors composed of four subunits.
vigabatrin (68506-86-5, 60643-86-9)  
Sabril  ·  gamma-Vinyl-gamma-Aminobutyric Acid  ·  gamma-Vinyl-GABA
Vigabatrin, brand name Sabril, is an antiepileptic drug that inhibits the breakdown of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) by acting as a suicide inhibitor of the enzyme GABA transaminase (GABA-T). It is also known as γ-vinyl-GABA, and is a structural analogue of GABA, but does not bind to GABA receptors.
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