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Drugs acting on the respiratory system, Drugs acting on the cardiovascular system

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Drugs acting on the nervous system (47)
Psychoactive drugs (46)
Antiasthmatic drugs (38)
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Theophylline (58-55-9)  
Theon  ·  Constant T  ·  Elixophyllin
Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine and caffeine, and is readily found in nature, and is present in tea (Camellia sinensis) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao). A small amount of theophylline is one of the products of caffeine metabolic processing in the liver.
epinephrine (51-43-4)  
Adrenaline  ·  Epinephrine Hydrochloride  ·  Epinephrine Bitartrate
Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin or adrenaline, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication. Epinephrine is normally produced by both the adrenal glands and certain neurons. It plays an important role in the fight-or-flight response by increasing blood flow to muscles, output of the heart, pupil dilation, and blood sugar.
Dextropropoxyphene (469-62-5, 2621-61-6, 2338-37-6)  
Propoxyphene  ·  Darvon  ·  Propoxyphene Hydrochloride
Dextropropoxyphene is an analgesic in the opioid category, patented in 1955 and manufactured by Eli Lilly and Company. It is an optical isomer of levopropoxyphene. It is intended to treat mild pain and also has antitussive (cough suppressant) and local anaesthetic effects.
formoterol (73573-87-2)  
Foradil  ·  Oxis  ·  formoterol fumarate
Formoterol (INN) or eformoterol (former BAN) is a long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) used in the management of asthma and COPD. It is marketed in three forms: a dry-powder inhaler, a metered-dose inhaler and an inhalation solution, under various trade names including Atock, Atimos/Atimos Modulite, Foradil/Foradile, Oxeze/Oxis, and Perforomist. It is also marketed in the combination formulations budesonide/formoterol and mometasone/formoterol.
RACTOPAMINE (97825-25-7)  
Ractopamine is a feed additive to promote leanness in animals raised for their meat. Pharmacologically, it is a TAAR1 agonist and β adrenoreceptor agonist that stimulates β1 and β2 adrenergic receptors. It is the active ingredient in products known as Paylean for swine and Optaflexx for cattle, developed by Elanco Animal Health, a division of Eli Lilly and Company, for use in food animals for growth promotion.
levorphanol (77-07-6, 297-90-5)  
Levorphanol Tartrate  ·  Levorphan  ·  LevoDromoran
Levorphanol (INN; brand name Levo-Dromoran) is an opioid medication used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is one of four enantiomers of the compound racemorphan, and was first described in Germany in 1948 as an orally active, morphine-like analgesic. The drug has been in clinical use in the United States since 1953.
phenylephrine (59-42-7, 1416-03-1)  
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride  ·  Neosynephrine  ·  Phenylephrine Tannate
Phenylephrine is a selective α1-adrenergic receptor agonist of the phenethylamine class used primarily as a decongestant, as an agent to dilate the pupil, and to increase blood pressure. Phenylephrine is marketed as an alternative for the decongestant pseudoephedrine, although clinical trials show phenylephrine, taken orally at the recommended dose, to be no more effective than placebo for allergy relief. Phenylephrine can also cause a decrease in heart rate through reflex bradycardia.
Salbutamol (18559-94-9)  
Albuterol  ·  Ventolin  ·  Proventil
Salbutamol, also known as albuterol and marketed as Ventolin among other names, is a medication that opens up the medium and large airways in the lungs. It is used to treat asthma including asthma attacks, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It may also be used to treat high blood potassium levels.
Salmeterol (89365-50-4)  
Salmeterol is a long-acting β2 adrenergic receptor agonist (LABA) used in the maintenance and prevention of asthma symptoms and maintenance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms. Symptoms of bronchospasm include shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing and chest tightness. It is also used to prevent breathing difficulties during exercise (exercise-induced bronchoconstriction).
MEPHENTERMINE (100-92-5)  
Mephentermine Sulfate  ·  Mephentermine Sulfate (2:1)
Mephentermine is a cardiac stimulant. It was formerly used in Wyamine nasal decongestant inhalers and before that as a stimulant in psychiatry. It has been used as a treatment for low blood pressure.
tetrahydrozoline (84-22-0)  
Visine  ·  tetrahydrozoline hydrochloride  ·  Tyzine
Tetryzoline (INN; also known as tetrahydrozoline), a derivative of imidazoline, is found in over-the-counter eye drops and nasal sprays. Other derivatives include naphazoline, oxymetazoline, and xylometazoline. Tetrahydrozoline is an alpha agonist and its main mechanism of action is the constriction of conjunctival blood vessels.
methoxamine (390-28-3)  
Vasoxyl  ·  Methoxamine Hydrochloride  ·  Vasoxine
Methoxamine is an α1-adrenergic receptor agonist, somewhat similar in structure to butaxamine and 2,5-DMA. It is no longer marketed..
pentoxifylline (6493-05-6)  
Trental  ·  Torental  ·  Pentoxil
Pentoxifylline, also known as oxpentifylline, is a xanthine derivative used as a drug to treat muscle pain in people with peripheral artery disease. It is generic and sold under many brand names worldwide.
terbutaline (46719-29-3, 23031-25-6)  
Brethine  ·  Terbutaline Sulfate  ·  Bricanyl
Terbutaline (trade names "Bronclyn",Brethine, Bricanyl, Brethaire, or Terbulin) is a β2 adrenergic receptor agonist, used as a "reliever" inhaler in the management of asthma symptoms and as a tocolytic (anti-contraction medication) to delay preterm labor for up to 48 hours. This time can then be used to administer steroid injections to the mother which help fetal lung maturity and reduce complications of prematurity. It should not be used to prevent preterm labor or delay labor more than 48–72 hours.
isoproterenol (7683-59-2)  
Isoprenaline  ·  Isuprel  ·  Isoproterenol Hydrochloride
Isoprenaline, or isoproterenol, is a medication used for the treatment of bradycardia (slow heart rate), heart block, and rarely for asthma. In humans, it is a non-selective β adrenoreceptor agonist that is the isopropylamine analog of epinephrine (adrenaline).
nylidrin (447-41-6)  
Arlidin  ·  Nylidrin Hydrochloride  ·  Dilatol
Buphenine (or nylidrin) is a β2 adrenoreceptor agonist that acts as a vasodilator.
clenbuterol (50306-01-9, 37148-27-9, 50499-60-0, 50306-03-1)  
NAB 365  ·  NAB365  ·  Planipart
Clenbuterol, marketed as Dilaterol, Spiropent, Ventipulmin, is a sympathomimetic amine used by sufferers of breathing disorders as a decongestant and bronchodilator. People with chronic breathing disorders such as asthma use this as a bronchodilator to make breathing easier. It is most commonly available as the hydrochloride salt, clenbuterol hydrochloride.
Levalbuterol (18559-94-9, 34391-04-3)  
Levosalbutamol, also known as levalbuterol, is a short-acting β2 adrenergic receptor agonist used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Evidence does not show that levosalbutamol works better than salbutamol, thus there may not be sufficient justification for prescribing it. The drug is the (R)-(−)-enantiomer of its prototype drug salbutamol.
dobutamine (34368-04-2, 74753-15-4)  
Dobutrex  ·  Dobutamine Hydrochloride  ·  Lilly 81929
Dobutamine is a sympathomimetic drug used in the treatment of heart failure and cardiogenic shock. Its primary mechanism is direct stimulation of β1 receptors of the sympathetic nervous system. Dobutamine was developed in the 1970s by Drs.
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Drugs acting on the respiratory system
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