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Drugs acting on the respiratory system, Phenethylamines

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Drugs acting on the nervous system (49)
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epinephrine (51-43-4)  
Adrenaline  ·  Epinephrine Hydrochloride  ·  Epinephrine Bitartrate
Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin or adrenaline, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication. Epinephrine is normally produced by both the adrenal glands and certain neurons. It plays an important role in the fight-or-flight response by increasing blood flow to muscles, output of the heart, pupil dilation, and blood sugar.
phenylpropanolamine (36393-56-3, 48115-38-4, 14838-15-4, 37577-28-9)  
Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride  ·  Norephedrine  ·  Dexatrim
Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) is a sympathomimetic agent which is used as a decongestant and appetite suppressant. It is commonly used in prescription and over-the-counter cough and cold preparations. In veterinary medicine, it is used to control urinary incontinence in dogs.
(-)-Norephedrine (492-41-1, 14838-15-4, 700-65-2)  
Phenylpropanolamine  ·  Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride  ·  Norephedrine
(-)-NORPSEUDOEPHEDRINE (36393-56-3, 53643-20-2, 37577-07-4)  
L-Norpseudoephedrine, or (−)-norpseudoephedrine, is a psychostimulant drug of the amphetamine family. It is one of the four optical isomers of phenylpropanolamine, the other three being cathine ((+)-norpseudoephedrine), (−)-norephedrine, and (+)-norephedrine; as well as one of the two enantiomers of norpseudoephedrine (the other, of course, being cathine). Similarly to cathine, L-norpseudoephedrine acts as a releasing agent of norepinephrine (EC50 = 30 nM) and to a lesser extent of dopamine (EC50 = 294 nM).
Norephedrine (36393-56-3, 14838-15-4, 37577-28-9, 700-65-2)  
Phenylpropanolamine  ·  Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride  ·  Dexatrim
Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) is a sympathomimetic agent which is used as a decongestant and appetite suppressant. It is commonly used in prescription and over-the-counter cough and cold preparations. In veterinary medicine, it is used to control urinary incontinence in dogs.
formoterol (73573-87-2)  
Foradil  ·  Oxis  ·  formoterol fumarate
Formoterol (INN) or eformoterol (former BAN) is a long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) used in the management of asthma and COPD. It is marketed in three forms: a dry-powder inhaler, a metered-dose inhaler and an inhalation solution, under various trade names including Atock, Atimos/Atimos Modulite, Foradil/Foradile, Oxeze/Oxis, and Perforomist. It is also marketed in the combination formulations budesonide/formoterol and mometasone/formoterol.
phenylephrine (59-42-7, 1416-03-1)  
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride  ·  Neosynephrine  ·  Phenylephrine Tannate
Phenylephrine is a selective α1-adrenergic receptor agonist of the phenethylamine class used primarily as a decongestant, as an agent to dilate the pupil, and to increase blood pressure. Phenylephrine is marketed as an alternative for the decongestant pseudoephedrine, although clinical trials show phenylephrine, taken orally at the recommended dose, to be no more effective than placebo for allergy relief. Phenylephrine can also cause a decrease in heart rate through reflex bradycardia.
Salbutamol (18559-94-9)  
Albuterol  ·  Ventolin  ·  Proventil
Salbutamol, also known as albuterol and marketed as Ventolin among other names, is a medication that opens up the medium and large airways in the lungs. It is used to treat asthma including asthma attacks, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It may also be used to treat high blood potassium levels.
Salmeterol (89365-50-4)  
Salmeterol is a long-acting β2 adrenergic receptor agonist (LABA) used in the maintenance and prevention of asthma symptoms and maintenance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms. Symptoms of bronchospasm include shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing and chest tightness. It is also used to prevent breathing difficulties during exercise (exercise-induced bronchoconstriction).
MEPHENTERMINE (100-92-5)  
Mephentermine Sulfate  ·  Mephentermine Sulfate (2:1)
Mephentermine is a cardiac stimulant. It was formerly used in Wyamine nasal decongestant inhalers and before that as a stimulant in psychiatry. It has been used as a treatment for low blood pressure.
methoxamine (390-28-3)  
Vasoxyl  ·  Methoxamine Hydrochloride  ·  Vasoxine
Methoxamine is an α1-adrenergic receptor agonist, somewhat similar in structure to butaxamine and 2,5-DMA. It is no longer marketed..
terbutaline (46719-29-3, 23031-25-6)  
Brethine  ·  Terbutaline Sulfate  ·  Bricanyl
Terbutaline (trade names "Bronclyn",Brethine, Bricanyl, Brethaire, or Terbulin) is a β2 adrenergic receptor agonist, used as a "reliever" inhaler in the management of asthma symptoms and as a tocolytic (anti-contraction medication) to delay preterm labor for up to 48 hours. This time can then be used to administer steroid injections to the mother which help fetal lung maturity and reduce complications of prematurity. It should not be used to prevent preterm labor or delay labor more than 48–72 hours.
isoproterenol (7683-59-2)  
Isoprenaline  ·  Isuprel  ·  Isoproterenol Hydrochloride
Isoprenaline, or isoproterenol, is a medication used for the treatment of bradycardia (slow heart rate), heart block, and rarely for asthma. In humans, it is a non-selective β adrenoreceptor agonist that is the isopropylamine analog of epinephrine (adrenaline).
nylidrin (447-41-6)  
Arlidin  ·  Nylidrin Hydrochloride  ·  Dilatol
Buphenine (or nylidrin) is a β2 adrenoreceptor agonist that acts as a vasodilator.
metaproterenol (586-06-1)  
Alupent  ·  Metaproterenol Sulfate  ·  Metaprel
Orciprenaline, also known as metaproterenol, is a bronchodilator used in the treatment of asthma. Orciprenaline is a moderately selective β2 adrenergic receptor agonist that stimulates receptors of the smooth muscle in the lungs, uterus, and vasculature supplying skeletal muscle, with minimal or no effect on α adrenergic receptors. The pharmacologic effects of β adrenergic agonist drugs, such as orciprenaline, are at least in part attributable to stimulation through β adrenergic receptors of intracellular adenylyl cyclase, the enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of ATP to cAMP.
clenbuterol (50306-01-9, 37148-27-9, 50499-60-0, 50306-03-1)  
NAB 365  ·  NAB365  ·  Planipart
Clenbuterol, marketed as Dilaterol, Spiropent, Ventipulmin, is a sympathomimetic amine used by sufferers of breathing disorders as a decongestant and bronchodilator. People with chronic breathing disorders such as asthma use this as a bronchodilator to make breathing easier. It is most commonly available as the hydrochloride salt, clenbuterol hydrochloride.
levonordefrin (829-74-3, 74812-63-8)  
Corbadrine (INN; marketed as Neo-Cobefrine), also known as levonordefrin (USAN) and α-methylnorepinephrine, is a catecholamine sympathomimetic used as a topical nasal decongestant and vasoconstrictor in dentistry in the United States, (usually in a pre-mixed solution with local anesthetics, such as mepivacaine). Corbadrine is also a metabolite of the antihypertensive drug methyldopa, and plays a role in its pharmacology and effects.
isoetharine (530-08-5)  
Bronkometer  ·  Isoetharine Mesylate  ·  Isoetarin
Isoetarine is a selective short-acting β2 adrenoreceptor agonist. It can be called the "granddaughter of adrenalin" in the line of β2 agonists that gave quick relief for bronchospasm and asthma. Epinephrine (adrenalin) was the first of these, and next came isoprenaline (isoproterenol).
Levalbuterol (18559-94-9, 34391-04-3)  
Levosalbutamol, also known as levalbuterol, is a short-acting β2 adrenergic receptor agonist used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Evidence does not show that levosalbutamol works better than salbutamol, thus there may not be sufficient justification for prescribing it. The drug is the (R)-(−)-enantiomer of its prototype drug salbutamol.
ARBUTAMINE (128470-16-6)  
Arbutamine is a cardiac stimulant. It stimulates β adrenergic receptors.
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Drugs acting on the respiratory system
Phenethylamines
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