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Drugs acting on the respiratory system, www.tcichemicals.com

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Drugs acting on the nervous system (12)
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Theophylline (58-55-9)  
Theon  ·  Constant T  ·  Elixophyllin
Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine and caffeine, and is readily found in nature, and is present in tea (Camellia sinensis) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao). A small amount of theophylline is one of the products of caffeine metabolic processing in the liver.
epinephrine (51-43-4)  
Adrenaline  ·  Epinephrine Hydrochloride  ·  Epinephrine Bitartrate
Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin or adrenaline, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication. Epinephrine is normally produced by both the adrenal glands and certain neurons. It plays an important role in the fight-or-flight response by increasing blood flow to muscles, output of the heart, pupil dilation, and blood sugar.
phenylephrine (59-42-7, 1416-03-1)  
Phenylephrine Hydrochloride  ·  Neosynephrine  ·  Phenylephrine Tannate
Phenylephrine is a selective α1-adrenergic receptor agonist of the phenethylamine class used primarily as a decongestant, as an agent to dilate the pupil, and to increase blood pressure. Phenylephrine is marketed as an alternative for the decongestant pseudoephedrine, although clinical trials show phenylephrine, taken orally at the recommended dose, to be no more effective than placebo for allergy relief. Phenylephrine can also cause a decrease in heart rate through reflex bradycardia.
dyphylline (479-18-5)  
Lufyllin  ·  Neothylline  ·  Dilin
Diprophylline (INN) or dyphylline (USAN) (trade names Dilor, Lufyllin), is a xanthine derivative with bronchodilator and vasodilator effects. It is used in the treatment of respiratory disorders like asthma, cardiac dyspnea, and bronchitis. It acts as an adenosine receptor antagonist and phosphodiesterase inhibitor.
pentoxifylline (6493-05-6)  
Trental  ·  Torental  ·  Pentoxil
Pentoxifylline, also known as oxpentifylline, is a xanthine derivative used as a drug to treat muscle pain in people with peripheral artery disease. It is generic and sold under many brand names worldwide.
BECLOMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE (5534-09-8)  
Beclomethasone  ·  Vanceril  ·  Beconase
Beclometasone dipropionate, also spelled beclomethasone dipropionate and sold under the brand name Qvar among others, is a steroid medication. It is available as an inhaler, cream, pills, and nasal spray. The inhaled form is used in the long-term management of asthma.
amlexanox (68302-57-8)  
Aphthasol  ·  AA-673  ·  AA 673
Amlexanox (trade name Aphthasol) is an anti-inflammatory antiallergic immunomodulator used to treat recurrent aphthous ulcers (canker sores), and (in Japan) several inflammatory conditions. This drug has been discontinued in the U.S.
bemegride (64-65-3)  
Megimide  ·  Ethylmethylglutarimide  ·  Methetharimide
Bemegride (trademarked as Megimide) is a central nervous system stimulant and antidote for barbiturate poisoning as its chemoreceptor agonism increases mean tidal volume, thereby increasing respiration and the concentration of O2 in blood although it may be theoretically used as a supportive measure in treating any depressant overdose. The drug was first synthesized in 1911. As with other chemoreceptor agonists, it is a potent emetic at doses above those normally used in management of barbiturate overdose although emesis and aspiration are a concern during treatment.
luteolin (491-70-3)  
Luteoline  ·  3',4',5,7-Tetrahydroxy-Flavone  ·  3',4',5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavone
Luteolin is a flavone, a type of flavonoid, with a yellow crystalline appearance.
Erdosteine (84611-23-4, 105426-14-0)  
Erdosteine is a mucolytic. Specifically it is a thiol derivative developed for the treatment of chronic obstructive bronchitis, including acute infective exacerbation of chronic bronchitis. Erdosteine contains two blocked sulfhydryl groups which are released following first-pass metabolism.
DL-Adrenaline (329-65-7)  
Racemic Epinephrine  ·  Vaponefrin  ·  Micronefrin
Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin or adrenaline, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication. Epinephrine is normally produced by both the adrenal glands and certain neurons. It plays an important role in the fight-or-flight response by increasing blood flow to muscles, output of the heart, pupil dilation, and blood sugar.
Pentylenetetrazol (54-95-5)  
Metrazol  ·  Cardiazol  ·  Pentylenetetrazole
Pentylenetetrazol, also known as pentylenetetrazole, metrazol, pentetrazol (INN), pentamethylenetetrazol, Corazol, Cardiazol or PTZ, is a drug formerly used as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant. High doses cause convulsions, as discovered by the Hungarian-American neurologist and psychiatrist Ladislas J. Meduna in 1934.
Nikethamide (59-26-7)  
Coramine  ·  Coramin  ·  Cordiamine
Nikethamide is a stimulant which mainly affects the respiratory cycle. Widely known by its former trade name of Coramine, it was used in the mid-twentieth century as a medical countermeasure against tranquilizer overdoses, before the advent of endotracheal intubation and positive-pressure lung expansion. It is no longer commonly considered to be of value for such purposes.
DOXOFYLLINE (69975-86-6)  
2-(7'-theophyllinemethyl)1,3-dioxolane  ·  doxophylline  ·  TMDO
Doxofylline (also known as doxophylline) is a xanthine derivative drug used in the treatment of asthma.
Colfosceril palmitate (2644-64-6, 63-89-8)  
1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine
Colfosceril palmitate (trade name Exosurf) is a drug used as a pulmonary surfactant. It is a drug that is used in surfactant deficient conditions such as infant respiratory distress syndrome in newborns.
VERBENONE (80-57-9)  
verbenone, (1S)-isomer  ·  verbenone, (1R)-isomer  ·  verbenone, (+-)-isomer
Verbenone is a natural organic compound classified as a terpene that is found naturally in a variety of plants. The chemical has a pleasant characteristic odor. Besides being a natural constituent of plants, it and its analogs are insect pheromones.
carbocysteine (638-23-3, 29433-95-2)  
Mucodyne  ·  L-Isomer Carbocysteine  ·  S-(Carboxymethyl)-L-cysteine
Carbocisteine (INN), also called carbocysteine (USAN), is a mucolytic that reduces the viscosity of sputum and so can be used to help relieve the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) and bronchiectasis by allowing the sufferer to bring up sputum more easily. Carbocisteine should not be used with antitussives (cough suppressants) or medicines that dry up bronchial secretions. Carbocisteine is produced by alkylation of cysteine with chloroacetic acid.
rolipram (61413-54-5)  
ZK 62711  ·  ZK62711  ·  ZK-62711
Rolipram is a selective phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor discovered and developed by Schering AG as a potential antidepressant drug in the early 1990s. It served as a prototype molecule for several companies' drug discovery and development efforts. Rolipram was discontinued after clinical trials showed that its therapeutic window was too narrow; it could not be dosed at high enough levels to be effective without causing significant gastrointestinal side effects.
TERPIN (565-48-0, 565-50-4, 80-53-5)  
terpin hydrate  ·  geranodyle  ·  terpin, monohydrate(cis)-isomer
Acefylline (652-37-9)  
acefylline, sodium salt  ·  theophylline-7-acetic acid  ·  acephylline
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