Cyclic compounds (1)
Designer drugs (1)
Food Additives (1)
Sigma Aldrich (1)
gamma-Butyrolactone (96-48-0, 187997-16-6)
gamma Butyrolactone · 4-Butyrolactone · 4-Hydroxybutyric Acid Lactone
γ-Butyrolactone (GBL) is a hygroscopic colorless liquid with a weak characteristic odor and profoundly disgusting taste. Soluble in water, GBL is a common solvent and reagent in chemistry as well as being used as a flavouring, as a cleaning solvent, as a superglue remover, and as a solvent in some wet aluminium electrolytic capacitors. In humans it acts as a prodrug for γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), and it is used as a recreational intoxicant with effects similar to alcohol.
Coramine · Coramin · Cordiamine
Nikethamide is a stimulant which mainly affects the respiratory cycle. Widely known by its former trade name of Coramine, it was used in the mid-twentieth century as a medical countermeasure against tranquilizer overdoses, before the advent of endotracheal intubation and positive-pressure lung expansion. It is no longer commonly considered to be of value for such purposes.
vigabatrin (68506-86-5, 60643-86-9)
Sabril · gamma-Vinyl-gamma-Aminobutyric Acid · gamma-Vinyl-GABA
Vigabatrin, brand name Sabril, is an antiepileptic drug that inhibits the breakdown of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) by acting as a suicide inhibitor of the enzyme GABA transaminase (GABA-T). It is also known as γ-vinyl-GABA, and is a structural analogue of GABA, but does not bind to GABA receptors.
N-methylphenethylamine hydrochloride · N-methylphenylethylamine · N-methyl-beta-phenethylamine
N-Methylphenethylamine (NMPEA) is a naturally occurring trace amine neuromodulator in humans that is derived from the trace amine, phenethylamine (PEA). It has been detected in human urine (<1 μg over 24 hours) and is produced by phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase with phenethylamine as a substrate. PEA and NMPEA are both alkaloids that are found in a number of different plant species as well.
Xanthinol nicotinate (437-74-1)
Xantinol Nicotinate · Xanthinol Niacinate · Xavin
Xanthinol is a drug prepared from theophylline used as a vasodilator. It is most often used as the salt with niacin (nicotinic acid), known as xantinol nicotinate.
Melatonin (8041-44-9, 73-31-4)
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness. Melatonin is also produced in plants where it functions as a first line of defense against oxidative stress. In animals, melatonin is involved in the entrainment (synchronization) of the circadian rhythms including sleep-wake timing, blood pressure regulation, seasonal reproduction, and many others.
1H-imidazo(4,5-b)pyridine · 1-deazapurine
4-Octopamine · para-Octopamine · alpha-(Aminoethyl)-4-hydroxybenzenemethanol
Octopamine is an organic chemical closely related to norepinephrine. In many types of invertebrates it functions as a neurotransmitter. It has also occasionally been used in medicine as a drug.
nicotinanilide · nicotinanilide monohydrochloride
TFMPP · 1-(m-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine · 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine
3-Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP) is a recreational drug of the piperazine chemical class. Usually in combination with its analogue benzylpiperazine (BZP), it is sold as an alternative to the illicit drug MDMA ("Ecstasy") under the name "Legal X".
MMDA (3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine; 5-methoxy-MDA) is a psychedelic and entactogen drug of the amphetamine class. It is an analogue of lophophine, MDA, and MDMA. MMDA was described by Alexander Shulgin in his book PiHKAL.
Agomelatine (brand names Valdoxan, Melitor, Thymanax) is an atypical antidepressant developed by the pharmaceutical company Servier. It is marketed for the treatment of major depressive disorder, primarily for its relatively favorable side effect profile: it avoids the weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and severe withdrawal associated with the most commonly used classes of antidepressants (SSRIs, SNRIs, tricyclics), while providing similar therapeutic benefit. Due to its distinctive mechanism of action, agomelatine is also studied for its effects on sleep regulation.
dopamine (62-31-7, 50444-17-2, 51-61-6)
Intropin · Dopamine Hydrochloride · Hydroxytyramine
Dopamine (DA, a contraction of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body. It is an amine synthesized by removing a carboxyl group from a molecule of its precursor chemical L-DOPA, which is synthesized in the brain and kidneys. Dopamine is also synthesized in plants and most animals.
Insidon · Opipramol Hydrochloride
Opipramol, sold under the brand name Insidon among others, is an anxiolytic and antidepressant which is used throughout Europe. Although it is a member of the tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), opipramol is atypical among TCAs and its primary mechanism of action is much different in comparison. Most TCAs act as monoamine reuptake inhibitors, but opipramol does not, and instead acts primarily as a sigma receptor agonist.