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Hydroxyarenes, Nootropics

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Anxiolytics (1)
Aromatic compounds (1)
Cyclic compounds (1)
Drugs acting on the nervous system (1)
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2-Ethyl-3-hydroxy-6-methylpyridine (2364-75-2)  
2364-75-2  ·  2-ethyl-6-methyl-3-pyridinol
Emoxypine (2-ethyl-6-methyl-3-hydroxypyridine), also known as Mexidol or Mexifin when used as the succinate salt, is an antioxidant manufactured in Russia by Pharmasoft Pharmaceuticals. Its chemical structure resembles that of pyridoxine (a type of vitamin B6). It is not approved for any medical use in the United States or Europe.

Related Results:
Galanthamine hydrobromide (193146-85-9, 1953-04-4)  
Galantamine  ·  Galanthamine  ·  Reminyl
piracetam (7491-74-9)  
Geram  ·  Nootropil  ·  Azupharma Brand of Piracetam
Piracetam (sold under many brand names) is a medication in the racetams group, with chemical name 2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide. It is used in Europe, Asia and South America. In the United States, it is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for any medical use and it is not permitted to be sold as a dietary supplement.
TETRABENAZINE (58-46-8)  
Nitoman  ·  Orphan Brand of Tetrabenazine  ·  Tetrabenazine Orphan Brand
Tetrabenazine is a drug for the symptomatic treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorders. It is marketed under the trade names Nitoman in Canada and Xenazine in New Zealand, some parts of Europe and in the United States as an orphan drug. On August 15, 2008, the U.S.
MEMANTINE HYDROCHLORIDE (41100-52-1)  
Memantine  ·  Namenda  ·  D 145
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
aniracetam (72432-10-1)  
1-anisoyl-2-pyrrolidinone  ·  Ro 13-5057  ·  1-(4-methoxybenzoyl)-2-pyrrolidinone
Aniracetam (brand names Draganon, Sarpul, Ampamet, Memodrin, Referan), also known as N-anisoyl-2-pyrrolidinone, is a racetam which is sold in Europe as a prescription drug. It is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in the United States.
oxiracetam (62613-82-5, 68567-97-5)  
ISF 2522  ·  ISF-2522
Oxiracetam (developmental code name ISF 2522) is a nootropic drug of the racetam family and very mild stimulant. Several studies suggest that the substance is safe even when high doses are consumed for a long period of time. However, the mechanism of action of the racetam drug family is still a matter of research.
memantine (19982-08-2)  
Namenda  ·  D 145  ·  D145
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
Agomelatine (138112-76-2)  
Agomelatine (brand names Valdoxan, Melitor, Thymanax) is an atypical antidepressant developed by the pharmaceutical company Servier. It is marketed for the treatment of major depressive disorder, primarily for its relatively favorable side effect profile: it avoids the weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and severe withdrawal associated with the most commonly used classes of antidepressants (SSRIs, SNRIs, tricyclics), while providing similar therapeutic benefit. Due to its distinctive mechanism of action, agomelatine is also studied for its effects on sleep regulation.
nicergoline (27848-84-6)  
Nicergolin neuraxpharm  ·  ergobel  ·  Krewel Brand of Nicergoline
Nicergoline (INN, marketed under the trade name Sermion) is an ergot derivative used to treat senile dementia and other disorders with vascular origins. It decreases vascular resistance and increases arterial blood flow in the brain, improving the utilization of oxygen and glucose by brain cells. It has similar vasoactive properties in other areas of the body, particularly the lungs.
viloxazine (46817-91-8)  
Vivalan  ·  Viloxazine Hydrochloride  ·  Emovit
Viloxazine (trade names Vivalan, Emovit, Vivarint and Vicilan) is a morpholine derivative and is a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI). It was used as an antidepressant in some European countries, and produced a stimulant effect that is similar to the amphetamines, except without any signs of dependence. It was discovered and brought to market in 1976 by Imperial Chemical Industries and was withdrawn from the market in the early 2000s for business reasons.
propentofylline (55242-55-2)  
HWA 285  ·  1-(5'-oxohexyl)-3-methyl-7-propylxanthine  ·  HWA-285
Propentofylline (HWA 285) is a xanthine derivative with purported neuroprotective effects.
modafinil (68693-11-8)  
Vigil  ·  Provigil  ·  Alertec
Modafinil, sold under the brand name Provigil among others, is a wakefulness-promoting drug used for treatment of disorders such as narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, idiopathic hypersomnia, and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. It has also seen widespread off-label use as a purported cognitive enhancer. In the United States modafinil is classified as a schedule IV controlled substance and restricted in availability and usage, due to concerns about possible addiction potential.
Clomethiazole (533-45-9)  
Chlormethiazole  ·  Distraneurin
Clomethiazole (also called chlormethiazole) is a sedative and hypnotic originally developed by Hoffmann-La Roche in the 1930s. The drug is used in treating and preventing symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal. It is structurally related to thiamine (vitamin B1), but acts like a sedative, hypnotic, muscle relaxant and anticonvulsant, having the same mechanism of action as traditional barbiturates..
Esmirtazapine (61337-87-9)  
mirtazapine  ·  Remeron  ·  Rexer
Esmirtazapine (ORG-50,081) is a drug which was under development by Organon for the treatment of insomnia and vasomotor symptoms (e.g., hot flashes) associated with menopause. Esmirtazapine is the (S)-(+)-enantiomer of mirtazapine and possesses similar overall pharmacology, including inverse agonist actions at H1 and 5-HT2 receptors and antagonist actions at α2-adrenergic receptors. As of March 2010, Merck terminated internal clinical development program for esmirtazapine, for hot flashes and insomnia, for strategic reasons.
tofisopam (22345-47-7)  
EGYT-341  ·  dextofisopam  ·  tofizopam
Tofisopam (Emandaxin, Grandaxin, Sériel) is an anxiolytic that is marketed in several European countries. Chemically, it is a 2,3-benzodiazepine. Unlike other anxiolytic benzodiazepines (which are generally 1,4- or 1,5-substituted) however, tofisopam does not have anticonvulsant, sedative, skeletal muscle relaxant, motor skill-impairing or amnestic properties.
Bifemelane (62232-46-6, 90293-01-9)  
MCI-2016  ·  2-(4-methylaminobutoxy)diphenylmethane  ·  Celeport
Bifemelane (INN) (Alnert, Celeport), or bifemelane hydrochloride (JAN), also known as 4-(O-benzylphenoxy)-N-methylbutylamine, is an antidepressant and cerebral activator that is widely used in the treatment of cerebral infarction patients with depressive symptoms in Japan, and in the treatment of senile dementia as well. It also appears to be useful in the treatment of glaucoma. Bifemelane acts as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) of both isoenzymes, with competitive (reversible) inhibition of MAO-A (Ki = 4.20 μM) (making it a reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A (RIMA)) and non-competitive (irreversible) inhibition of MAO-B (Ki = 46.0 μM), and also acts (weakly) as a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.
Tacrine hydrochloride (1684-40-8)  
THA  ·  Tacrine  ·  Cognex
Tacrine is a centrally acting anticholinesterase and indirect cholinergic agonist (parasympathomimetic). It was the first centrally acting cholinesterase inhibitor approved for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, and was marketed under the trade name Cognex. Tacrine was first synthesised by Adrien Albert at the University of Sydney.
Minaprine HCl (25905-77-5)  
Cantor  ·  minaprine  ·  Agr 1240
galanthamine (23173-12-8, 357-70-0)  
Galantamine (Nivalin, Razadyne, Razadyne ER, Reminyl, Lycoremine) is used for the treatment of cognitive decline in mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease and various other memory impairments. It is an alkaloid that has been isolated from the bulbs and flowers of Galanthus caucasicus (Caucasian snowdrop), Galanthus woronowii (Voronov's snowdrop), and some other members of the family Amaryllidaceae, such as Narcissus (daffodil), Leucojum aestivum (snowflake), and Lycoris including Lycoris radiata (red spider lily). It can also be produced synthetically.
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