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Kappa agonists, Antiparkinsonian agents, Oneirogens

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Salvinorin A (83729-01-5)  
Salvinorin A is the main active psychotropic molecule in Salvia divinorum, a Mexican plant which has a long history of use as an entheogen by indigenous Mazatec shamans. Salvinorin A is considered a dissociative. It is structurally distinct from other naturally occurring hallucinogens (such as DMT, psilocybin, and mescaline) because it contains no nitrogen atoms; hence, it is not an alkaloid (and cannot be rendered as a salt) but a terpenoid.

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TETRABENAZINE (58-46-8)  
Nitoman  ·  Orphan Brand of Tetrabenazine  ·  Tetrabenazine Orphan Brand
Tetrabenazine is a drug for the symptomatic treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorders. It is marketed under the trade names Nitoman in Canada and Xenazine in New Zealand, some parts of Europe and in the United States as an orphan drug. On August 15, 2008, the U.S.
ropinirole (91374-21-9)  
Ropinirole (INN; trade names Requip, Repreve, Ronirol, Adartrel) is a dopamine agonist of the non-ergoline class of medications. It is manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Cipla, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Sun Pharmaceutical.
Dexpramipexole (104632-28-2)  
Dexpramipexole (KNS-760704) is a drug that was investigated by Knopp Biosciences and Biogen Idec for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. The drug failed to show efficacy in terms of function or survival in a Phase III study of patients with ALS. More recently, dexpramipexole was shown in a Phase 2 open-label trial to reduce eosinophil counts and eliminate the need for corticosteroid treatment in a subset of patients with steroid-responsive hypereosinophilic syndrome.
Piribedil mesylate (52293-23-9)  
Piribedil  ·  ET 495  ·  Trivastal
PERGOLIDE MESYLATE (66104-23-2)  
Pergolide (trade names Permax, Prascend) is an ergoline-based dopamine receptor agonist used in some countries for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). PD is associated with reduced dopamine activity in the substantia nigra of the brain. Pergolide acts on many of the same receptors as dopamine to increase receptor activity.
sulpiride (15676-16-1)  
Sulp  ·  neogama  ·  Deponerton
Sulpiride (brand names Dogmatil ( DE, HK, SG, PH), Dolmatil (IE, UK), Eglonyl (RU, ZA), Espiride (ZA), Modal (IL), Prometar (UY), Sulpor (UK) and others) is an atypical antipsychotic drug (although some texts have referred to it as a typical antipsychotic) of the benzamide class used mainly in the treatment of psychosis associated with schizophrenia and major depressive disorder, and sometimes used in low dosage to treat anxiety and mild depression. Sulpiride is commonly used in Asia, Central America, Europe, South Africa and South America. Levosulpiride is its purified levo-isomer and is sold in India for similar purpose.
piribedil (3605-01-4)  
ET 495  ·  Trivastal  ·  Piribedil Mesylate
Piribedil (trade names Pronoran, Trivastal Retard, Trastal, Trivastan, Clarium and others) is an antiparkinsonian agent and piperazine derivative which acts as a D2 and D3 receptor agonist. It also has α2-adrenergic antagonist properties.
spiperone (749-02-0)  
Spiroperidol  ·  Spiroperone
Spiperone (Spiroperidol; brand name: Spiropitan (JP)) is a typical antipsychotic and research chemical belonging to the butyrophenone chemical class. It is licensed for clinical use in Japan as a treatment for schizophrenia. Additionally, spiperone was identified by compound screening to be an activator of Ca2+ activated Cl− channels (CaCCs), thus a potential target for therapy of cystic fibrosis.
Emonapride (70325-83-6)  
YM 09151-M  ·  YM-09151-2  ·  nemonapride
Nemonapride (エミレース, Emilace (JP)) is an atypical antipsychotic approved in Japan for the treatment of schizophrenia. It was launched by Yamanouchi in 1991. Nemonapride acts as a D2 and D3 receptor antagonist, and is also a potent 5-HT1A receptor agonist.
LISURIDE (19875-60-6, 18016-80-3)  
Dopergin  ·  Schering Brand 2 of Lisuride Maleate  ·  Lisuride Maleate
Lisuride, sold under the brand names Dopergin, Proclacam, and Revanil, is an antiparkinson agent of the iso-ergoline class, chemically related to the dopaminergic ergoline Parkinson's drugs. Lisuride is described as free base (see table on the right) and as hydrogen maleate salt. Lisuride is used to lower prolactin and, in low doses, to prevent migraine attacks.
Spiroxatrine (1054-88-2)  
Spiroxatrine is a drug which acts as a selective antagonist at both the 5-HT1A receptor and the α2C adrenergic receptor. It is an analog of spiperone and also has some dopamine antagonist effects.
lisuride maleate (19875-60-6)  
Lisuride  ·  Dopergin  ·  Schering Brand 2 of Lisuride Maleate
Cuvalit (19875-60-6)  
Lisuride  ·  Dopergin  ·  Schering Brand 2 of Lisuride Maleate
amisulpride (71675-85-9, 53583-79-2)  
Solian  ·  sultopride  ·  DAN 2163
Amisulpride, sold under the brand name Solian among others, is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia. In Italy, at a lower dosage of 50 mg per day, it is also used as a treatment for dysthymia. It is usually classed with the newer generation of antipsychotics, the so called atypical antipsychotics.
QUINPIROLE (74196-92-2, 80373-22-4)  
Quinpirole is a psychoactive drug and research chemical which acts as a selective D2 and D3 receptor agonist. It is used in scientific research. Quinpirole has been shown to increase locomotion and sniffing behavior in mice treated with it.
Rimcazole (75859-04-0)  
Rimcazole is an antagonist of the sigma receptor as well as a dopamine reuptake inhibitor. Sigma receptors are thought to be involved in the drug psychosis that can be induced by some drugs such as phencyclidine and cocaine, and rimcazole was originally researched as a potential antipsychotic with a different mechanism of action to traditional antipsychotic drugs. Trials proved inconclusive and rimcazole was not pursued for this application, but other sigma antagonists continue to be researched for a variety of potential applications.
Ropinirole hydrochloride (91374-20-8)  
Ropinirole (INN; trade names Requip, Repreve, Ronirol, Adartrel) is a dopamine agonist of the non-ergoline class of medications. It is manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Cipla, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Sun Pharmaceutical.
Dihydroergocryptine (25447-66-9)  
Taurus Brand of Dihydroergocryptine Monomesylate  ·  Dihydroergokryptine Mesylate  ·  Cripar
Dihydroergocryptine (DHEC, trade names Almirid, Cripar) is a dopamine agonist of the ergoline chemical class that is used as an antiparkinson agent. Dihydroergocryptine has been shown to be particularly effective as monotherapy in the early stages of Parkinson's disease. Initial monotherapy with a dopamine agonist (other examples include pergolide, pramipexole, and ropinirole) is associated with reduced risk for motor complications in Parkinson patients relative to levodopa.
memantine (19982-08-2)  
Namenda  ·  D 145  ·  D145
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
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Kappa agonists
Antiparkinsonian agents
Oneirogens
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