Cyclic compounds (2)
Spiro compounds (2)
Tsitizin · cytisine hydrochloride, hydrate · cytisine hydrochloride
Cytisine, also known as baptitoxine and sophorine, is an alkaloid that occurs naturally in several plant genera, such as Laburnum and Cytisus of the family Fabaceae. It has been used medically to help with smoking cessation. Its molecular structure has some similarity to that of nicotine and it has similar pharmacological effects.
Dexedrine · Dextroamphetamine Sulfate · Dexamphetamine
Dextroamphetamine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant and amphetamine enantiomer that is prescribed for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. It is also used as an athletic performance and cognitive enhancer, and recreationally as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant. Dextroamphetamine was also used by military air and tank forces as a 'go-pill' during fatigue-inducing missions such as night-time bombing missions.
AMPHETAMINE (60-15-1, 300-62-9)
Amphetamine Sulfate · Levoamphetamine · Phenamine
Amphetamine (contracted from alpha-methylphenethylamine) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. Amphetamine was discovered in 1887 and exists as two enantiomers: levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Amphetamine properly refers to a specific chemical, the racemic free base, which is equal parts of the two enantiomers, levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine, in their pure amine forms.
mepazine · mepazine monohydrochloride · pecazin
1H-imidazo(4,5-b)pyridine · 1-deazapurine
2-MACB · 2-methylamino-5-chlorobenzophenone · 2-(N-methylamino)-5-chlorobenzophenone
Clozaril · Leponex
Clozapine, sold under the brand name Clozaril among others, is an atypical antipsychotic medication. It is mainly used for schizophrenia that does not improve following the use of other antipsychotic medications. In those with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder it may decrease the rate of suicidal behavior.
4-Fluoroamphetamine (4-FA; 4-FMP; PAL-303; "Flux"), also known as para-fluoroamphetamine (PFA) is a psychoactive research chemical of the phenethylamine and substituted amphetamine chemical classes. It produces stimulant and entactogenic effects, and is described subjectively as being between amphetamine and MDMA. As a recreational drug, 4-FA is sometimes sold along with related compounds such as 2-fluoroamphetamine and 4-fluoromethamphetamine.
naltrexone (16590-41-3, 16676-29-2)
ReVia · Trexan · Naltrexone Hydrochloride
Naltrexone, sold under the brand names Revia and Vivitrol among others, is a medication primarily used to manage alcohol dependence and opioid dependence. In opioid dependence, it should not be started until people are detoxified. It is taken by mouth or by injection into a muscle.
Naltrexone hydrochloride (16676-29-2)
Naltrexone · ReVia · Trexan
Pravadoline (WIN 48,098) is an antiinflammatory and analgesic drug with an IC50 of 4.9 µM and a Ki of 2511 nM at CB1, related in structure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammtory drugs (NSAIDs) such as indometacin. It was developed in the 1980s as a new antiinflammatory and prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor, acting through inhibition of the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX). However, pravadoline was found to exhibit unexpectedly strong analgesic effects, which appeared at doses ten times smaller than the effective anti-inflammatory dose and so could not be explained by its action as a COX inhibitor.
Vigil · Provigil · Alertec
Modafinil, sold under the brand name Provigil among others, is a wakefulness-promoting drug used for treatment of disorders such as narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, idiopathic hypersomnia, and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. It has also seen widespread off-label use as a purported cognitive enhancer. In the United States modafinil is classified as a schedule IV controlled substance and restricted in availability and usage, due to concerns about possible addiction potential.
amisulpride (71675-85-9, 53583-79-2)
Solian · sultopride · DAN 2163
Amisulpride, sold under the brand name Solian among others, is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia. In Italy, at a lower dosage of 50 mg per day, it is also used as a treatment for dysthymia. It is usually classed with the newer generation of antipsychotics, the so called atypical antipsychotics.
Spiroperidol · Spiroperone
Spiperone (Spiroperidol; brand name: Spiropitan (JP)) is a typical antipsychotic and research chemical belonging to the butyrophenone chemical class. It is licensed for clinical use in Japan as a treatment for schizophrenia. Additionally, spiperone was identified by compound screening to be an activator of Ca2+ activated Cl− channels (CaCCs), thus a potential target for therapy of cystic fibrosis.
Quipazine is a piperazine drug used in scientific research. It is a moderately selective serotonin receptor receptor agonist, binding to a range of different serotonin receptors, but particularly to the 5-HT2A and 5-HT3.
M99 · Ethorphine
N-methylphenethylamine hydrochloride · N-methylphenylethylamine · N-methyl-beta-phenethylamine
N-Methylphenethylamine (NMPEA) is a naturally occurring trace amine neuromodulator in humans that is derived from the trace amine, phenethylamine (PEA). It has been detected in human urine (<1 μg over 24 hours) and is produced by phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase with phenethylamine as a substrate. PEA and NMPEA are both alkaloids that are found in a number of different plant species as well.
Namenda · D 145 · D145
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
norchlorcyclizine · norchlorcyclizine hydrochloride · N-(p-chlorobenzhydryl)piperazine
Nalorphine hydrochloride (57-29-4)
Nalorphine · Allylnormorphine · Lethidrone