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Kappa agonists, Opioid receptor ligands, Drugs acting on the nervous system, www.sigmaaldrich.com

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dextromethorphan (510-53-2, 125-71-3, 125-70-2)  
Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide  ·  Delsym  ·  Levomethorphan
Methorphan comes in two isomeric forms, each with differing pharmacology and effects: Dextromethorphan - An over-the-counter cough suppressant, as well as dissociative hallucinogen. Levomethorphan - A potent opioid analgesic that was never clinically developed; the codeine analogue of the powerful opioid agonist analgesic levorphanol (Levo-Dromoran). Racemethorphan refers to the racemic mixture of both of these stereoisomers.
meperidine (57-42-1)  
Demerol  ·  Dolin  ·  Pethidine
Pethidine, also known as meperidine and sold under the brand name Demerol among others, is a synthetic opioid pain medication of the phenylpiperidine class. Synthesized in 1939 as a potential anticholinergic agent by the German chemist Otto Eisleb, its analgesic properties were first recognized by Otto Schaumann while working for IG Farben, Germany. Pethidine is the prototype of a large family of analgesics including the pethidine 4-phenylpiperidines (piminodine, anileridine and others), the prodines (alphaprodine, MPPP, etc.), bemidones (ketobemidone, etc.) and others more distant, including diphenoxylate and analogues.
Salvinorin A (83729-01-5)  
Salvinorin A is the main active psychotropic molecule in Salvia divinorum, a Mexican plant which has a long history of use as an entheogen by indigenous Mazatec shamans. Salvinorin A is considered a dissociative. It is structurally distinct from other naturally occurring hallucinogens (such as DMT, psilocybin, and mescaline) because it contains no nitrogen atoms; hence, it is not an alkaloid (and cannot be rendered as a salt) but a terpenoid.
DEXTRORPHAN (297-90-5, 125-73-5)  
(+-)-17-Methylmorphinan-3-ol
Dextrorphan (DXO) is a psychoactive drug of the morphinan class which acts as an antitussive or cough suppressant and dissociative hallucinogen. It is the dextrorotatory-stereoisomer of racemorphan, the levo-half being levorphanol. Dextrorphan is produced by O-demethylation of dextromethorphan by CYP2D6.
Matrine (519-02-8)  
Matrine is an alkaloid found in plants from the Sophora genus. It has a variety of pharmacological effects, including anti-cancer effects, as well as κ-opioid and μ-opioid receptor agonism. Matrine possesses strong antitumor activities in vitro and in vivo.
U-69593 (96744-75-1)  
U-69,593 is a drug which acts as a potent and selective κ1-opioid receptor agonist. In animal studies it has been shown to produce antinociception, anti-inflammation, anxiolysis (at low doses), respiratory depression, and diuresis, while having little effect on gastrointestinal motility. It also inhibits the peripheral, though not central secretion of oxytocin and vasopressin in rats.

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Nikethamide (59-26-7)  
Coramine  ·  Coramin  ·  Cordiamine
Nikethamide is a stimulant which mainly affects the respiratory cycle. Widely known by its former trade name of Coramine, it was used in the mid-twentieth century as a medical countermeasure against tranquilizer overdoses, before the advent of endotracheal intubation and positive-pressure lung expansion. It is no longer commonly considered to be of value for such purposes.
15532-75-9 (15532-75-9)  
TFMPP  ·  1-(m-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine  ·  1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine
3-Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP) is a recreational drug of the piperazine chemical class. Usually in combination with its analogue benzylpiperazine (BZP), it is sold as an alternative to the illicit drug MDMA ("Ecstasy") under the name "Legal X".
spiperone (749-02-0)  
Spiroperidol  ·  Spiroperone
Spiperone (Spiroperidol; brand name: Spiropitan (JP)) is a typical antipsychotic and research chemical belonging to the butyrophenone chemical class. It is licensed for clinical use in Japan as a treatment for schizophrenia. Additionally, spiperone was identified by compound screening to be an activator of Ca2+ activated Cl− channels (CaCCs), thus a potential target for therapy of cystic fibrosis.
Spiroxatrine (1054-88-2)  
Spiroxatrine is a drug which acts as a selective antagonist at both the 5-HT1A receptor and the α2C adrenergic receptor. It is an analog of spiperone and also has some dopamine antagonist effects.
WIN VI (98034-30-1)  
Win 52035  ·  WIN 52035-2  ·  5-(5-(4-(4,5-dihydro-2-oxazolyl)phenoxy)pentyl)-3-methylisoxazole
BENPERIDOL (2062-84-2)  
Benperidol-neuraxpharm  ·  Glianimon  ·  Frenactil
Benperidol is a drug which is a highly potent butyrophenone derivative. It is the most potent neuroleptic on the European market, with chlorpromazine equivalency as high as 75 to 100 (about 150 to 200% potency in terms of dose compared to haloperidol). It is an antipsychotic, which can be used for the treatment of schizophrenia, but it is primarily used to control antisocial hypersexual behaviour, and is sometimes prescribed to sex offenders as a condition of their parole, as an alternative to anti-androgen drugs such as cyproterone acetate.
Bremazocine (83829-76-9, 75684-07-0, 79665-42-2)  
bremazocine hydrochloride, (2R)-isomer  ·  bremazocine hydrochloride, (+-)-isomer  ·  2-(1-hydroxy-cyclopropylmethyl)-5-ethyl-9,9-dimethyl-2'-hydroxy-6,7-benzomorphan
Bremazocine is a κ-opioid receptor agonist related to pentazocine. It has potent and long-lasting analgesic and diuretic effects. It has 200 times the activity of morphine, but appears to have no addictive properties and does not depress breathing.
2,4-THIAZOLIDINEDIONE (2295-31-0)  
thiazolidinedione  ·  T-174  ·  2,4-thiazolidinedione potassium
The thiazolidinediones , abbreviated as TZD, also known as glitazones after the prototypical drug ciglitazone, are a class of heterocyclic compounds consisting of a five-membered C3NS ring. The term usually refers to a family of drugs used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2 that were introduced in the late 1990s.
Ro 48-8071 (161582-11-2)  
Ro 48-8071hydrochloride  ·  (4'-(6-allylmethylaminohexyloxy)-2'-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-bromophenyl)methanone fumarate  ·  Ro-48-8071
SPIRADOLINE (87151-85-7)  
Spiradoline (U-62066) is a drug which acts as a highly selective κ-opioid agonist. It has analgesic, diuretic and antitussive effects, and produces subjective effects in animals similar to those of ketazocine and alazocine. The main effect in humans is sedation, along with analgesic and diuretic effects, but significant side effects such as dysphoria and hallucinations have stopped it from being used clinically.
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Kappa agonists
Opioid receptor ligands
Drugs acting on the nervous system
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