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Kappa agonists, Opioids, Morphine, Drugs acting on the nervous system

Categories

Analgesics (2)
Ethers (2)
Euphoriants (2)
Mu-opioid agonists (2)
Natural opium alkaloids (2)
Opiates (2)
Opioid receptor ligands (2)
Opium (2)
Psychoactive drugs (2)
Pharmaceuticals (1)

morphine (64-31-3, 57-27-2)  
Morphia  ·  Morphine Sulfate  ·  MS Contin
Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate variety which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals. It acts directly on the central nervous system (CNS) to decrease the feeling of pain. It can be taken for both acute pain and chronic pain.

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Naloxone hydrochloride (357-08-4)  
Naloxone  ·  Narcan  ·  Nalone
Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose. Naloxone may be combined within the same pill as an opioid to decrease the risk of misuse. When given intravenously, naloxone works within two minutes, and when injected into a muscle, it works within five minutes; it may also be sprayed into the nose.
naloxone (465-65-6)  
Narcan  ·  Naloxone Hydrochloride  ·  Nalone
Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose. Naloxone may be combined within the same pill as an opioid to decrease the risk of misuse. When given intravenously, naloxone works within two minutes, and when injected into a muscle, it works within five minutes; it may also be sprayed into the nose.
baclofen (62594-36-9, 1134-47-0)  
Lioresal  ·  Genpharm  ·  beta-(p-Chlorophenyl)-gamma-aminobutyric Acid
Baclofen, sold under the brand name Lioresal among others, is a medication used to treat spasticity. It is used as a central nervous system depressant and skeletal muscle relaxant although its effectiveness has not been clearly shown. It is also used in topical creams to help with pain.
Tramadol (123154-38-1, 27203-92-5)  
Ultram  ·  Tramal  ·  Tramadol Hydrochloride
Tramadol, sold under the brand name Ultram among others, is an opioid pain medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain. When taken by mouth in an immediate-release formulation, the onset of pain relief usually occurs within an hour. It is often combined with paracetamol (acetaminophen) as this is known to improve the efficacy of tramadol in relieving pain.
Nicomorphine (639-48-5)  
Vilan  ·  morphine dinicotinate  ·  bis(nicotinyl)morphine
Nicomorphine (Vilan, Subellan, Gevilan, MorZet) is the 3,6-dinicotinate ester of morphine. It is a strong opioid agonist analgesic two to three times as potent as morphine with a side effect profile similar to that of dihydromorphine, morphine, and diamorphine. Nicomorphine was patented as Vilan by Lannacher Heilmittel G.m.b.H.
Etorphine (14521-96-1)  
M99  ·  Ethorphine
Nalorphine hydrochloride (57-29-4)  
Nalorphine  ·  Allylnormorphine  ·  Lethidrone
Nalorphine (62-67-9)  
Allylnormorphine  ·  Nalorphine Hydrochloride  ·  Lethidrone
Nalorphine (INN) (brand names Lethidrone, Nalline), also known as N-allylnormorphine, is a mixed opioid agonist–antagonist with opioid antagonist and analgesic properties. It was introduced in 1954 and was used as an antidote to reverse opioid overdose and in a challenge test to determine opioid dependence. It acts at two opioid receptors — the μ-opioid receptor (MOR) where it has antagonistic effects, and at the κ-opioid receptor (KOR) (Ki = 1.6 nM; EC50 = 483 nM; Emax = 95%) where it exerts high-efficacy partial agonist/near-full agonist characteristics.
Talwin (359-83-1, 55643-30-6)  
Pentazocine  ·  Pentazocine Hydrochloride  ·  Pentazocine Lactate
Pentazocine lactate (17146-95-1)  
Pentazocine  ·  Talwin  ·  Pentazocine Hydrochloride
pentazocine (7488-49-5, 359-83-1, 21820-34-8, 55643-30-6)  
Talwin  ·  Pentazocine Hydrochloride  ·  Pentazocine Lactate
Pentazocine, sold under the brand name Talwin among others, is a painkiller used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is believed to work by activating (agonizing) κ-opioid receptors (KOR) and blocking (antagonizing) μ-opioid receptors (MOR). As such it is called an opioid as it delivers its effects on pain by interacting with the opioid receptors.
clonidine (4205-90-7)  
Catapres  ·  Clonidine Hydrochloride  ·  Dixarit
Clonidine (trade names Catapres, Kapvay, Nexiclon, Clophelin, and others) is a medication used to treat high blood pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorders, tic disorders, withdrawal (from either alcohol, opioids, or smoking), migraine, menopausal flushing, diarrhea, and certain pain conditions. It is classified as a centrally acting α2 adrenergic agonist and imidazoline receptor agonist that has been in clinical use since 1966.
CLONIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE (4205-91-8)  
Clonidine  ·  Catapres  ·  Dixarit
Clonidine (trade names Catapres, Kapvay, Nexiclon, Clophelin, and others) is a medication used to treat high blood pressure, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety disorders, tic disorders, withdrawal (from either alcohol, opioids, or smoking), migraine, menopausal flushing, diarrhea, and certain pain conditions. It is classified as a centrally acting α2 adrenergic agonist and imidazoline receptor agonist that has been in clinical use since 1966.
Nefopam hydrochloride (69319-31-9, 23327-57-3)  
Ajan  ·  Nefopam  ·  3M Brand of Nefopam Hydrochloride
tizanidine (51322-75-9)  
Tizanidine (trade names Zanaflex (Acorda Therapeutics), Sirdalud (Novartis), Relentus (Beximco Pharma) Is a centrally acting α2 adrenergic agonist used as a muscle relaxant. It is used to treat the spasms, cramping, and tightness of muscles caused by medical problems such as multiple sclerosis, ALS, spastic diplegia, back pain, or certain other injuries to the spine or central nervous system. It is also prescribed off-label for migraine headaches, as a sleep aid, and as an anticonvulsant.
nefopam (13669-70-0)  
Ajan  ·  3M Brand of Nefopam Hydrochloride  ·  Acupan
Nefopam, sold under the brand names Acupan among others, is a painkilling medication. It is primarily used to treat moderate, acute or chronic pain. It is believed to work in the brain and spinal cord to relieve pain.
Bremazocine (83829-76-9, 75684-07-0, 79665-42-2)  
bremazocine hydrochloride, (2R)-isomer  ·  bremazocine hydrochloride, (+-)-isomer  ·  2-(1-hydroxy-cyclopropylmethyl)-5-ethyl-9,9-dimethyl-2'-hydroxy-6,7-benzomorphan
Bremazocine is a κ-opioid receptor agonist related to pentazocine. It has potent and long-lasting analgesic and diuretic effects. It has 200 times the activity of morphine, but appears to have no addictive properties and does not depress breathing.
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Kappa agonists
Opioids
Morphine
Drugs acting on the nervous system
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