Norketamine, or N-desmethylketamine, is the major active metabolite of ketamine, which is formed mainly by CYP3A4. Similarly to ketamine, norketamine acts as a noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist (Ki = 1.7 µM and 13 µM for (S)-(+)-norketamine and (R)-(–)-norketamine, respectively), but is about 3–5 times less potent as an anesthetic in comparison. Also, similarly again to ketamine, norketamine binds to the μ- and κ-opioid receptors.
17-acetoxy-6-methylene-4-pregnene-3,20-dione · 17 alpha acetoxy-6-methylene-4-pregnene-3,20-dione · VP-2
Ethisterone · Anhydrohydroxyprogesterone · 17 alpha Ethynyltestosterone
Ethisterone · Pregneninolone · Anhydrohydroxyprogesterone
Hydroxypregnenolone · 17-Hydroxypregnenolone, (3beta,13alpha,17alpha)-Isomer · 17-Hydroxypregnenolone, (3alpha)-Isomer
17α-Hydroxypregnenolone is a pregnane (C21) steroid that is obtained by hydroxylation of pregnenolone at the C17α position. This step is performed by the mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzyme 17α-hydroxylase (CYP17A1) that is present in the adrenal and gonads. Peak levels are reached in humans at the end of puberty and then decline.
Spiradoline (U-62066) is a drug which acts as a highly selective κ-opioid agonist. It has analgesic, diuretic and antitussive effects, and produces subjective effects in animals similar to those of ketazocine and alazocine. The main effect in humans is sedation, along with analgesic and diuretic effects, but significant side effects such as dysphoria and hallucinations have stopped it from being used clinically.
Skf 83566 (94344-79-3, 99295-33-7)
SK and F-83566 · 1H-3-benzazepin-7-ol, 8-bromo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-3-methyl-5-phenyl- · 7-bromo-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepine
5-(4-(1-methylcyclohexylmethoxy)benzyl)thiazolidine-2,4-dione · ADD-3878 · ciglitizone
Ciglitazone (INN) is a thiazolidinedione. Developed by Takeda Pharmaceuticals in the early 1980s, it is considered the prototypical compound for the thiazolidinedione class. Ciglitazone was never used as a medication, but it sparked interest in the effects of thiazolidinediones.
Spiroperidol · Spiroperone
Spiperone (Spiroperidol; brand name: Spiropitan (JP)) is a typical antipsychotic and research chemical belonging to the butyrophenone chemical class. It is licensed for clinical use in Japan as a treatment for schizophrenia. Additionally, spiperone was identified by compound screening to be an activator of Ca2+ activated Cl− channels (CaCCs), thus a potential target for therapy of cystic fibrosis.
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE (4221-98-1, 1329-99-3, 99-83-2, 34448-33-4)
alpha phellandrene, (S+)-isomer · alpha phellandrene, (R)-isomer · 5-isopropyl-2-methyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene
Phellandrene is the name for a pair of organic compounds that have a similar molecular structure and similar chemical properties. α-Phellandrene and β-phellandrene are cyclic monoterpenes and are double-bond isomers. In α-phellandrene, both double bonds are endocyclic and in β-phellandrene, one of them is exocyclic.
5alpha-Pregnane-3,20-dione · 3,20-Allopregnanedione, (5beta,13alpha,17alpha)-Isomer · 5 alpha-Pregnane-3,20-dione
QUINPIROLE (74196-92-2, 80373-22-4)
Quinpirole is a psychoactive drug and research chemical which acts as a selective D2 and D3 receptor agonist. It is used in scientific research. Quinpirole has been shown to increase locomotion and sniffing behavior in mice treated with it.
1077-27-6 (1077-27-6, 62-46-4)
Lipoic Acid · alpha Lipoic Acid · Thioctic Acid
SKF 81297 · SK and F 81297 · SK and F-81297
SKF-81,297 is a synthetic drug of the benzazepine chemical class that acts as a selective dopamine D1/D5 receptor full agonist, and produces a characteristic stimulant-like pattern of anorexia, hyperactivity and self-administration in animals. This profile is shared with several related drugs such as 6-Br-APB and SKF-82,958, but not with certain other D1 full agonists such as A-77,636, reflecting functional selectivity of D1 activation. Newer findings reveal that SKF-81,297 additionally acts as a partial agonist at D1-D2 receptor heteromers.
Ro 48-8071 (161582-11-2)
Ro 48-8071hydrochloride · (4'-(6-allylmethylaminohexyloxy)-2'-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-bromophenyl)methanone fumarate · Ro-48-8071
Prostaglandin E2 (363-24-6)
PGE2 · Dinoprostone · Prepidil Gel
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), also known as dinoprostone, is a naturally occurring prostaglandin which is used as a medication. As a medication it is used in labor induction, bleeding after delivery, termination of pregnancy, and in newborn babies to keep the ductus arteriosus open. In babies it is used in those with congenital heart defects until surgery can be carried out.
Spiroxatrine is a drug which acts as a selective antagonist at both the 5-HT1A receptor and the α2C adrenergic receptor. It is an analog of spiperone and also has some dopamine antagonist effects.