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C3H9NO, Neuroprotective agents, Consumer Ingredients, Drugs acting on the nervous system

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Homotaurine (3687-18-1)  
3-APS  ·  3-aminopropanesulfonic acid  ·  3-amino-1-propanesulfonic acid
Homotaurine (3-amino-1-propanesulfonic acid (3-APS) or tramiprosate (INN)) is a synthetic organic compound. It is analogous to taurine, but with an extra carbon in its chain. It has GABAergic activity, apparently by mimicking GABA, which is it resembles.

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clioquinol (130-26-7)  
Vioform  ·  Iodochlorhydroxyquin  ·  EnteroVioform
Clioquinol (iodochlorhydroxyquin) is an antifungal drug and antiprotozoal drug. It is neurotoxic in large doses. It is a member of a family of drugs called hydroxyquinolines which inhibit certain enzymes related to DNA replication.
Melatonin (8041-44-9, 73-31-4)  
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness. Melatonin is also produced in plants where it functions as a first line of defense against oxidative stress. In animals, melatonin is involved in the entrainment (synchronization) of the circadian rhythms including sleep-wake timing, blood pressure regulation, seasonal reproduction, and many others.
TASOSARTAN (145733-36-4)  
Tasosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It was withdrawn from FDA review by the manufacturer after phase III clinical trials showed elevated transaminases (a sign of possible liver toxicity) in a significant number of participants given the drug.
eugenol (97-53-0)  
Eugenol is a phenylpropene, an allyl chain-substituted guaiacol. Eugenol is a member of the phenylpropanoids class of chemical compounds. It is a colourless to pale yellow, aromatic oily liquid extracted from certain essential oils especially from clove oil, nutmeg, cinnamon, basil and bay leaf.
Aloe-emodin (481-72-1)  
Aloe Emodin
Aloe emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxyanthraquinone) is an anthraquinone and a variety of emodin present in aloe latex, an exudate from the aloe plant. It has a strong stimulant-laxative action. Aloe emodin is not carcinogenic when applied to the skin, although it may increase the carcinogenicity of some kind of radiation.
1,3,5-tris(3-isocyanato-4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (26603-40-7, 8060-82-0)  
brobenzoxaldine, broxyquinoline drug combination  ·  Intestopan  ·  Enteroquin
Iminostilbene (256-96-2)  
iminostilbene, 10-(13)C-labeled
Dibenzazepine (iminostilbene) is a chemical compound with two benzene rings fused to an azepine group.
nicotinamide (98-92-0, 92-98-0, 98-92-0, 11032-50-1)  
Niacinamide  ·  Vitamin B3  ·  Vitamin PP
Nicotinamide (NAA), also known as niacinamide, is a vitamin found in food, used as a dietary supplement, and used as a medication. As a supplement, it is used by mouth to prevent and treat pellagra (niacin deficiency). While nicotinic acid (niacin) may be used for this purpose, nicotinamide has the benefit of not causing skin flushing.
bis-tris (6976-37-0)  
bis(2-hydroxyethyl)imino-tris(hydroxymethyl)methane  ·  2-(bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino)-2(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol  ·  Bistris
Bis-tris methane is a buffering agent used in biochemistry. Bis-tris methane is an organic tertiary amine with labile protons having a pKa of 6.46 at 25 °C. It is an effective buffer between the pH 5.8 and 7.3.
5-Nitro-2-propoxyaniline (553-79-7)  
P 4000  ·  1-N-propoxy-2-amino-4- nitrobenzene  ·  P-4000
5-Nitro-2-propoxyaniline, also known as P-4000 and Ultrasüss, is one of the strongest sweet-tasting substances known, about 4,000 times the intensity of sucrose (hence its alternate name, P-4000). It is an orange solid that is only slightly soluble in water. It is stable in boiling water and dilute acids.
alpha-TERPINEOL (8000-41-7, 10482-56-1, 68797-63-7, 2438-12-2, 98-55-5)  
alpha-terpineol, sodium salt  ·  1-alpha-terpineol  ·  D-alpha-terpineol
Terpineol is a monoterpene alcohol that has been isolated from a variety of sources such as cajuput oil, pine oil, and petitgrain oil. There are four isomers, alpha-, beta-, gamma-terpineol, and terpinen-4-ol. beta- and gamma-terpineol differ only by the location of the double bond.
loperamide (53179-11-6)  
Imodium  ·  Loperamide Hydrochloride  ·  Loperamide Monohydrochloride
Loperamide, sold under the brand name Imodium among others, is a medication used to decrease the frequency of diarrhea. It is often used for this purpose in gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and short bowel syndrome. It is not recommended for those with blood in the stool.
nicergoline (27848-84-6)  
Nicergolin neuraxpharm  ·  ergobel  ·  Krewel Brand of Nicergoline
Nicergoline (INN, marketed under the trade name Sermion) is an ergot derivative used to treat senile dementia and other disorders with vascular origins. It decreases vascular resistance and increases arterial blood flow in the brain, improving the utilization of oxygen and glucose by brain cells. It has similar vasoactive properties in other areas of the body, particularly the lungs.
modafinil (68693-11-8)  
Vigil  ·  Provigil  ·  Alertec
Modafinil, sold under the brand name Provigil among others, is a wakefulness-promoting drug used for treatment of disorders such as narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, idiopathic hypersomnia, and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. It has also seen widespread off-label use as a purported cognitive enhancer. In the United States modafinil is classified as a schedule IV controlled substance and restricted in availability and usage, due to concerns about possible addiction potential.
piracetam (7491-74-9)  
Geram  ·  Nootropil  ·  Azupharma Brand of Piracetam
Piracetam (sold under many brand names) is a medication in the racetams group, with chemical name 2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetamide. It is used in Europe, Asia and South America. In the United States, it is not approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for any medical use and it is not permitted to be sold as a dietary supplement.
3-Aminophenol (591-27-5)  
3-aminophenol sulfate  ·  3-aminophenol acetate  ·  3-aminophenol hydrochloride
3-Aminophenol is an organic compound with formula C6H4(NH2)(OH). It is an aromatic amine and aromatic alcohol. It is the meta isomer of 2-aminophenol and 4-aminophenol.
thalidomide (50-35-1)  
Thalomid  ·  Celgene Brand of Thalidomide  ·  Sedoval
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs. Today, thalidomide is used mainly as a treatment of certain cancers (multiple myeloma) and of a complication of leprosy. Thalidomide was first marketed in 1957 in West Germany under the trade-name Contergan.
pramoxine (140-65-8)  
Prax  ·  pramoxine hydrochloride  ·  Tronothane
Pramocaine (INN and BAN, also known as pramoxine or pramoxine HCI) is a topical anesthetic discovered at Abbott Laboratories in 1953 and used as an antipruritic. During research and development, pramocaine hydrochloride stood out among a series of alkoxy aryl alkamine ethers as an especially good topical local anesthetic agent. Pharmacologic study revealed it to be potent and of low acute and subacute toxicity, well tolerated by most mucous membranes and of a low sensitizing index in humans.
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