Cyclic compounds (1)
Tsitizin · cytisine hydrochloride, hydrate · cytisine hydrochloride
Cytisine, also known as baptitoxine and sophorine, is an alkaloid that occurs naturally in several plant genera, such as Laburnum and Cytisus of the family Fabaceae. It has been used medically to help with smoking cessation. Its molecular structure has some similarity to that of nicotine and it has similar pharmacological effects.
Tasosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It was withdrawn from FDA review by the manufacturer after phase III clinical trials showed elevated transaminases (a sign of possible liver toxicity) in a significant number of participants given the drug.
Biphenyl (92-52-4, 68409-73-4)
diphenyl · diphenyl, 14C-labeled
Biphenyl (or diphenyl or phenylbenzene or 1,1′-biphenyl or lemonene) is an organic compound that forms colorless crystals. Particularly in older literature, compounds containing the functional group consisting of biphenyl less one hydrogen (the site at which it is attached) may use the prefixes xenyl or diphenylyl. It has a distinctively pleasant smell.
2-METHYLNAPHTHALENE (7419-61-6, 91-57-6)
2-methylnaphthalene, methyl-13C-labeled · 2-methylnaphthalene, lithium salt, ion(1-) · 2-methylnaphthalene, naphthalene-1-(13)C-labeled
2-Methylnaphthalene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). On February 22, 2014, NASA announced a greatly upgraded database for detecting and monitoring PAHs, including 2-methylnaphthalene, in the universe. According to NASA scientists, over 20% of the carbon in the universe may be associated with PAHs, possible starting materials for the formation of life.
1-NITROPYRENE (63021-86-3, 5522-43-0)
1-Nitropyrene is a by-product of combustion and is the predominant nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (pyrene) emitted in a diesel engine. 1-Nitropyrene is listed as an IARC Group 2B carcinogen, indicating it is possibly carcinogenic to humans.
2-CHLORONAPHTHALENE (1321-65-9, 1335-88-2, 91-58-7)
2-Chloronaphthalene is an organochlorine chemical compound, a chlorinated derivative of naphthalene. Its chemical formula is C 10H 7Cl. The compound is an isomer for 1-chloronaphthalene.
1-METHYLNAPHTHALENE (90-12-0, 1321-94-4)
1-Methylnaphthalene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). It has a cetane number of zero, and was previously used as the lower reference for cetane number. However, due to the expense and handling difficulty of 1-methylnaphthalene, it was replaced in this capacity by isocetane, with a CN of 15.