Drug culture (1)
AK Scientific (1)
Ethyl glucuronide (17685-04-0)
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a metabolite of ethanol which is formed in the body by glucuronidation following exposure to ethanol, usually from drinking alcoholic beverages. It is used as a biomarker to test for ethanol use and to monitor alcohol abstinence in situations where drinking is prohibited, such as by the military, in alcohol treatment programs, in professional monitoring programs (health professionals, attorneys, airline pilots in recovery from addictions), in schools, liver transplant clinics, or in recovering alcoholic patients. In addition to its use to monitor abstinence and detect drinking, EtG also has potential for monitoring the amount of alcohol use over time because it can be detected in hair and nails, though the effectiveness of this has not yet been proven.
1,3,5-tris(3-isocyanato-4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (26603-40-7, 8060-82-0)
brobenzoxaldine, broxyquinoline drug combination · Intestopan · Enteroquin
Melatonin (8041-44-9, 73-31-4)
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness. Melatonin is also produced in plants where it functions as a first line of defense against oxidative stress. In animals, melatonin is involved in the entrainment (synchronization) of the circadian rhythms including sleep-wake timing, blood pressure regulation, seasonal reproduction, and many others.
Dibenzazepine (iminostilbene) is a chemical compound with two benzene rings fused to an azepine group.
Tasosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It was withdrawn from FDA review by the manufacturer after phase III clinical trials showed elevated transaminases (a sign of possible liver toxicity) in a significant number of participants given the drug.
3-aminophenol sulfate · 3-aminophenol acetate · 3-aminophenol hydrochloride
3-Aminophenol is an organic compound with formula C6H4(NH2)(OH). It is an aromatic amine and aromatic alcohol. It is the meta isomer of 2-aminophenol and 4-aminophenol.
METHAMPHETAMINE (51-57-0, 537-46-2)
Desoxyn · Methylamphetamine · Methamphetamine Hydrochloride
Methamphetamine (contracted from N-methylamphetamine) is a strong central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity. Methamphetamine was discovered in 1893 and exists as two enantiomers: levo-methamphetamine and dextro-methamphetamine. Methamphetamine properly refers to a specific chemical, the racemic free base, which is an equal mixture of levomethamphetamine and dextromethamphetamine in their pure amine forms.
3-(1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine (22083-74-5, 54-11-5)
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants. Nicotine acts as an agonist at most nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), except at two nicotinic receptor subunits (nAChRα9 and nAChRα10) where it acts as a receptor antagonist. Nicotine is found in the leaves of Nicotiana rustica, in amounts of 2–14%; in the tobacco plant, Nicotiana tabacum; in Duboisia hopwoodii; and in Asclepias syriaca.
Vigil · Provigil · Alertec
Modafinil, sold under the brand name Provigil among others, is a wakefulness-promoting drug used for treatment of disorders such as narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, idiopathic hypersomnia, and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. It has also seen widespread off-label use as a purported cognitive enhancer. In the United States modafinil is classified as a schedule IV controlled substance and restricted in availability and usage, due to concerns about possible addiction potential.
Phenothiazine, abbreviated PTZ, is an organic compound that has the formula S(C6H4)2NH and is related to the thiazine-class of heterocyclic compounds. Although the parent compound has no uses, derivatives of phenothiazine are highly bioactive and have widespread use and rich history. The derivative chlorpromazine revolutionized the field of psychiatry and allergy treatment.
Dronabinol (308064-99-5, 6465-30-1, 1972-08-3)
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a psychotropic cannabinoid (dronabinol, trade names Marinol and Syndros are a synthetic form of THC, approved by the FDA) and is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. Its chemical name is (−)-trans-Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol, and the term THC is used to refer to isomers as well. The pharmaceutical formulation dronabinol is available by prescription in the US, Canada, Germany, and New Zealand.
3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol (93-03-8)
veratryl alcohol · 3,4-dimethoxy benzenemethanol
Veratrole alcohol (veratryl alcohol) is an organic compound related to veratrole and also to benzyl alcohol. It can be obtained by reduction of veratraldehyde. Veratrole alcohol is the raw material for the synthesis of cyclotriveratrylene which is used in host-guest chemistry.
Phenylindanedione · Dindevan · 2 Phenyl 1,3 indandione
Phenindione is an anticoagulant which functions as a Vitamin K antagonist. Phenindione was introduced in the early 1950s. It acts similar to warfarin, but it has been associated with hypersensitivity reactions, so it is rarely used and warfarin is preferred.
Diacetone alcohol (123-42-2)
Diacetone alcohol is a chemical compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2C(OH)(CH3)2, sometimes called DAA. This liquid is a common synthetic intermediate used for the preparation of other compounds, and is also used as a solvent. It occurs naturally in Achnatherum robustum.
Quaalude · Optimil · Methaqualone Hydrochloride
Methaqualone, sold under the brand name Quaalude (pronounced KWAY-lood) and sometimes stylized "Quāālude" in the United States and Mandrax in the United Kingdom and South Africa, is a sedative and hypnotic medication. It is a member of the quinazolinone class. The sedative–hypnotic activity of methaqualone was first noted by researchers in the 1950s.
Zarontin · Etosuximida Faes · Suksilep
Ethosuximide, sold under the brand name Zarontin among others, is a medication used to treat absence seizures. It may be used by itself or with other antiseizure medications such as valproic acid. Ethosuximide is taken by mouth.