C8H14O, Recreational drug metabolites, aksci.com
Drug culture (1)
Ethyl glucuronide (17685-04-0)
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a metabolite of ethanol which is formed in the body by glucuronidation following exposure to ethanol, usually from drinking alcoholic beverages. It is used as a biomarker to test for ethanol use and to monitor alcohol abstinence in situations where drinking is prohibited, such as by the military, in alcohol treatment programs, in professional monitoring programs (health professionals, attorneys, airline pilots in recovery from addictions), in schools, liver transplant clinics, or in recovering alcoholic patients. In addition to its use to monitor abstinence and detect drinking, EtG also has potential for monitoring the amount of alcohol use over time because it can be detected in hair and nails, though the effectiveness of this has not yet been proven.
METHAMPHETAMINE (51-57-0, 537-46-2)
Desoxyn · Methylamphetamine · Methamphetamine Hydrochloride
Methamphetamine (contracted from N-methylamphetamine) is a strong central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity. Methamphetamine was discovered in 1893 and exists as two enantiomers: levo-methamphetamine and dextro-methamphetamine. Methamphetamine properly refers to a specific chemical, the racemic free base, which is an equal mixture of levomethamphetamine and dextromethamphetamine in their pure amine forms.
3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl alcohol (93-03-8)
veratryl alcohol · 3,4-dimethoxy benzenemethanol
Veratrole alcohol (veratryl alcohol) is an organic compound related to veratrole and also to benzyl alcohol. It can be obtained by reduction of veratraldehyde. Veratrole alcohol is the raw material for the synthesis of cyclotriveratrylene which is used in host-guest chemistry.
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine · N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine · N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine Hydrochloride
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known as ecstasy (E), is a psychoactive drug used primarily as a recreational drug. The desired recreational effects include increased empathy, euphoria, and heightened sensations. When taken by mouth, effects begin after 30–45 minutes and last 3–6 hours.
4-METHOXYBENZYL ALCOHOL (1331-81-3, 105-13-5)
Anisyl alcohol (4-methoxybenzyl alcohol) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3OC6H4CH2OH. It is a colorless liquid that is used as a fragrance and flavorant. It occurs naturally but is produced by reduction of anisaldehyde.
Diacetone alcohol (123-42-2)
Diacetone alcohol is a chemical compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH2C(OH)(CH3)2, sometimes called DAA. This liquid is a common synthetic intermediate used for the preparation of other compounds, and is also used as a solvent. It occurs naturally in Achnatherum robustum.
Dronabinol (308064-99-5, 6465-30-1, 1972-08-3)
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a psychotropic cannabinoid (dronabinol, trade names Marinol and Syndros are a synthetic form of THC, approved by the FDA) and is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. Its chemical name is (−)-trans-Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol, and the term THC is used to refer to isomers as well. The pharmaceutical formulation dronabinol is available by prescription in the US, Canada, Germany, and New Zealand.
Tasosartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It was withdrawn from FDA review by the manufacturer after phase III clinical trials showed elevated transaminases (a sign of possible liver toxicity) in a significant number of participants given the drug.
Synephrin · Oxedrine · Sympaethamin
Synephrine, or, more specifically, p-synephrine, is an alkaloid, occurring naturally in some plants and animals, and also in approved drugs products as its m-substituted analog known as neo-synephrine. p-Synephrine (or formerly Sympatol and oxedrine [BAN]) and m-synephrine are known for their longer acting adrenergic effects compared to norepinephrine. This substance is present at very low concentrations in common foodstuffs such as orange juice and other orange (Citrus species) products, both of the "sweet" and "bitter" variety.
Vanillyl alcohol (498-00-0)
Vanillyl alcohol is derived from vanillin. It is used to flavor food.
4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (623-05-2)
4-methylol phenol · 4-(Hydroxymethyl)phenol · p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol
Gastrodigenin is a phenolic compound found in the rhizome of Gastrodia elata. Gastrodin is the glucoside of gastrodigenin.
3-(1-methylpyrrolidin-2-yl)pyridine (22083-74-5, 54-11-5)
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants. Nicotine acts as an agonist at most nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), except at two nicotinic receptor subunits (nAChRα9 and nAChRα10) where it acts as a receptor antagonist. Nicotine is found in the leaves of Nicotiana rustica, in amounts of 2–14%; in the tobacco plant, Nicotiana tabacum; in Duboisia hopwoodii; and in Asclepias syriaca.
826-10-8 (826-10-8, 51-57-0)
Methamphetamine · Desoxyn · Methylamphetamine
Piperonyl alcohol (495-76-1)
Perilla alcohol (536-59-4)
perillyl alcohol · (-)-p-mentha-1,8-dien-7-ol · dihydrocuminyl alcohol
Perillyl alcohol (IUPAC name: [4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-en-1-yl]methanol) and its precursor limonene are naturally occurring monocyclic terpenes derived from the mevalonate pathway in plants. Perillyl alcohol can be found in the essential oils of various plants, such as lavender, lemongrass, sage, and peppermint. It has a number of manufacturing, household, and medical applications.