Sex hormones (1)
diethylstilbestrol (6898-97-1, 56-53-1, 22610-99-7, 64-67-5)
Stilbestrol · Distilbène · Stilbene Estrogen
Hexestrol · Hexestrol, (R-(R*,R*))-Isomer · Hexestrol, (R*,S*)-Isomer
estrone (19973-76-3, 53-16-7)
Folliculin · Kestrone · Wehgen
Estrone (E1), also spelled oestrone, is a steroid, a weak estrogen, and a minor female sex hormone. It is one of three major endogenous estrogens, the others being estradiol and estriol. Estrone, as well as the other estrogens, are synthesized from cholesterol and secreted mainly from the gonads, though they can also be formed from adrenal androgens in adipose tissue.
stanozolol (10418-03-8, 302-96-5)
Winstrol · Stanazolol · Stromba
Stanozolol, sold under many brand names, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which was derived from dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It was developed by American pharmaceutical company Winthrop Laboratories (Sterling Drug) in 1962, and has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for human use, though it is no longer marketed in this country. It is also used in veterinary medicine.
Formestane, sold under the brand name Lentaron among others, is a steroidal, selective aromatase inhibitor which is used in the treatment of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. The drug is not active orally, and is instead available only as an intramuscular depot injection. Because of this, it is no longer popular as many orally active aromatase inhibitors have been identified and introduced.
Sulindac sulfide (49627-27-2, 32004-67-4)
sulindac sulfide, sodium salt · sulindac sulfide, (Z)-isomer · sulindac sulfide, (E)-isomer
Melatonin (8041-44-9, 73-31-4)
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness. Melatonin is also produced in plants where it functions as a first line of defense against oxidative stress. In animals, melatonin is involved in the entrainment (synchronization) of the circadian rhythms including sleep-wake timing, blood pressure regulation, seasonal reproduction, and many others.
Pregneninolone · Anhydrohydroxyprogesterone · 17 alpha Ethynyltestosterone
Ethisterone (brand names Proluton C, Pranone among others), also known as ethinyltestosterone, pregneninolone, or anhydrohydroxyprogesterone, is a progestin with androgenic activity which was derived from testosterone and was introduced for medical use in 1939. It was the second progestogen to be marketed (intramuscular progesterone was introduced as Proluton in 1934) and was both the first orally active progestogen and the first progestin (synthetic progestogen) to be introduced. Although ethisterone has largely been superseded by newer drugs and is now little used, it reportedly continues to be available in some countries.
DROLOXIFENE CITRATE (97752-20-0)
droloxifene · 3-hydroxytamoxifen · FK-435
hexestrol (84-16-2, 5635-50-7)
Hexestrol, (R-(R*,R*))-Isomer · Hexestrol, (R*,S*)-Isomer · Dihydrodiethylstilbestrol
Hexestrol (INN) (brand names Synestrol, Synoestrol, Estrifar, Estronal, numerous others), also known as hexanestrol, hexoestrol, and dihydrodiethylstilbestrol, is a synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen of the stilbestrol group related to diethylstilbestrol which was used to treat estrogen deficiency. Oil solution of hexestrol is still manufactured in Russia under trade name Синэстрол. Hexestrol has also been available and used in ester form, including as hexestrol diacetate, hexestrol dicaprylate, hexestrol diphosphate, and hexestrol dipropionate. Hexestrol has approximately 302% and 234% of the affinity of estradiol at the ERα and ERβ, respectively.
methyltestosterone (262423-02-9, 58-18-4)
Android · Oreton · Metandren
Methyltestosterone, sold under the brand names Android, Metandren, and Testred among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men, delayed puberty in boys, at low doses as a component of menopausal hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms like hot flashes, osteoporosis, and low sexual desire in women, and to treat breast cancer in women. It is taken by mouth. Side effects of methyltestosterone include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire.
Casodex · 4'-cyano-3-(4-fluorophenylsulfonyl)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3'-(trifluoromethyl)propionanilide · ICI 176334
Bicalutamide, sold under the brand name Casodex among others, is an antiandrogen medication that is primarily used to treat prostate cancer. It is typically used together with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue or surgical removal of the testicles to treat advanced prostate cancer. Bicalutamide may also be used to treat excessive hair growth in women, as a component of feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women, to treat early puberty in boys, and to prevent overly long-lasting erections in men.
Cytadren · Ciba Vision Brand of Aminoglutethimide · Orimeten
Aminoglutethimide is an anti-steroid drug marketed under the tradename Cytadren by Novartis around the world. It blocks the production of steroids derived from cholesterol and is clinically used in the treatment of Cushing's syndrome and metastatic breast cancer. It is also used by bodybuilders.
Raloxifene, sold under the brand name Evista among others, is a medication which is used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and to reduce the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or at high risk for breast cancer. It is taken by mouth. Side effects of raloxifene include hot flashes, leg cramps, and an increased risk of blood clots and other cardiovascular events such as stroke.
Estriol · Epiestriol · (16alpha,17beta)-Estra-1,3,5(10)-Triene-3,16,17-Triol
Epiestriol (INN) (brand names Actriol, Arcagynil, Klimadoral), or epioestriol (BAN), also known as 16β-epiestriol or simply 16-epiestriol as well as 16β-hydroxy-17β-estradiol, is a minor and weak endogenous estrogen, and the 16β-epimer of estriol (which is 16α-hydroxy-17β-estradiol). Epiestriol is (or has previously been) used clinically in the treatment of acne. In addition to its estrogenic actions, epiestriol has been found to possess significant anti-inflammatory properties without glycogenic activity or immunosuppressive effects, an interesting finding that is in contrast to conventional anti-inflammatory steroids like hydrocortisone (a glucocorticoid).
DHEA · Dehydroisoandrosterone · Androstenolone
Prasterone, also known as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), is a naturally occurring steroid which is used as a supplement and medication. It is an androstane derivative and a precursor of steroid hormones like testosterone and estradiol. Prasterone has weak androgenic activity, weak estrogenic activity, and neurosteroid activity, and acts as a prohormone of androgens and estrogens depending on its dosage and route of administration.
Daypro · Rhoxal-oxaprozin · Apo-Oxaprozin
Oxaprozin, also known as Oxaprozinum, (sold under the names: Daypro, Dayrun, Duraprox) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), used to relieve the inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain associated with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Chemically, it is a propionic acid derivative. It is available in 600 mg tablets.
Celebrex · SC58635 · SC-58635
Celecoxib, sold under the brand name Celebrex among others, is a COX-2 selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It is used to treat the pain and inflammation of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, acute pain in adults, painful menstruation, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in people two years or older. Side effects include a 37% increase in incidence of major vascular events, which include nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or death from a blood vessel-related cause.