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www.sigmaaldrich.com, Drugs acting on the genito-urinary system, Anti-diabetic drugs

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Antiandrogens (3)
Antiglucocorticoids (3)
CYP17A1 inhibitors (3)
Drugs acting on the gastrointestinal system and metabolism (3)
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PPAR agonists (3)
Pharmaceuticals (3)
Sex hormones (3)
Systemic hormonal preparations (3)
Thiazolidinediones (3)
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Pyridines (2)
Six-membered rings (2)
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Antineoplastic drugs (1)
Aromatase inhibitors (1)
Hormonal antineoplastic drugs (1)

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AK Scientific (2)
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Pioglitazone (111025-46-8)  
Actos  ·  pioglitazone hydrochloride  ·  U72,107A
Pioglitazone (brand name Actos) is a prescription drug of the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class with hypoglycemic (antihyperglycemic, antidiabetic) action to treat diabetes. While pioglitazone does decrease blood sugar levels, studies on the main cardiovascular outcomes have not yielded statistically significant results. Its cardiovascular safety profile compares favorably with that of rosiglitazone, which was withdrawn from some markets after concerns about an increased risk of cardiac events.
rosiglitazone (122320-73-4)  
Rosiglitazone (trade name Avandia) is an antidiabetic drug in the thiazolidinedione class. It works as an insulin sensitizer, by binding to the PPAR in fat cells and making the cells more responsive to insulin. It is marketed by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) as a stand-alone drug or for use in combination with metformin or with glimepiride.
troglitazone (97322-87-7)  
Troglitazone (Rezulin, Resulin, Romozin, Noscal) is an antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory drug, and a member of the drug class of the thiazolidinediones. It was prescribed for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. It was developed by Daiichi Sankyo (Japan).

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1,3,5-tris(3-isocyanato-4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (26603-40-7, 8060-82-0)  
brobenzoxaldine, broxyquinoline drug combination  ·  Intestopan  ·  Enteroquin
loperamide (53179-11-6)  
Imodium  ·  Loperamide Hydrochloride  ·  Loperamide Monohydrochloride
Loperamide, sold under the brand name Imodium among others, is a medication used to decrease the frequency of diarrhea. It is often used for this purpose in gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and short bowel syndrome. It is not recommended for those with blood in the stool.
metformin (1115-70-4, 657-24-9)  
Glucophage  ·  Metformin Hydrochloride  ·  Metformin HCl
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight. It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.
thalidomide (50-35-1)  
Thalomid  ·  Celgene Brand of Thalidomide  ·  Sedoval
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs. Today, thalidomide is used mainly as a treatment of certain cancers (multiple myeloma) and of a complication of leprosy. Thalidomide was first marketed in 1957 in West Germany under the trade-name Contergan.
Metformin hydrochloride (15537-72-1, 1115-70-4)  
Metformin  ·  Glucophage  ·  Metformin HCl
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight. It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.
gliclazide (21187-98-4)  
S 852  ·  Diamicron  ·  S 1702
Gliclazide, sold under the brand name Diamicron among others, is an anti-diabetic medication used to treat diabetes mellitus type 2. It is used when dietary changes, exercise, and weight loss are not enough. It is taken by mouth.
2,4-THIAZOLIDINEDIONE (2295-31-0)  
thiazolidinedione  ·  T-174  ·  2,4-thiazolidinedione potassium
The thiazolidinediones , abbreviated as TZD, also known as glitazones after the prototypical drug ciglitazone, are a class of heterocyclic compounds consisting of a five-membered C3NS ring. The term usually refers to a family of drugs used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2 that were introduced in the late 1990s.
Pioglitazone (111025-46-8)  
Actos  ·  pioglitazone hydrochloride  ·  U72,107A
Pioglitazone (brand name Actos) is a prescription drug of the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class with hypoglycemic (antihyperglycemic, antidiabetic) action to treat diabetes. While pioglitazone does decrease blood sugar levels, studies on the main cardiovascular outcomes have not yielded statistically significant results. Its cardiovascular safety profile compares favorably with that of rosiglitazone, which was withdrawn from some markets after concerns about an increased risk of cardiac events.
glipizide (29094-61-9)  
Glucotrol  ·  Minidiab  ·  K-4024
Glipizide is an oral rapid- and short-acting anti-diabetic medication from the sulfonylurea class. It is classified as a second-generation sulfonylurea, which means that it undergoes enterohepatic circulation. Second-generation sulfonylureas are both more potent and have shorter half-lives than the first-generation sulfonylureas.
NITAZOXANIDE (55981-09-4)  
NTZ  ·  Daxon  ·  Alinia
Nitazoxanide is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic and broad-spectrum antiviral drug that is used in medicine for the treatment of various helminthic, protozoal, and viral infections. It is indicated for the treatment of infection by Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia in immunocompetent individuals and has been repurposed for the treatment of influenza. Nitazoxanide has also been shown to have in vitro antiparasitic activity and clinical treatment efficacy for infections caused by other protozoa and helminths; emerging evidence suggests that it possesses efficacy in treating a number of viral infections as well.
leflunomide (75706-12-6)  
Arava  ·  HWA 486  ·  Aventis Pharma Brand of Leflunomide
Leflunomide (original brand name Arava) is an immunosuppressive disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD), used in active moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. It is a pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor that works by inhibiting dihydroorotate dehydrogenase.
16673-34-0 (16673-34-0)  
5-chloro-2-methoxy-N-(2-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)ethyl)benzamide
tolazamide (1156-19-0)  
Tolinase  ·  Pharmacia Brand of Tolazamide
Tolazamide is an oral blood glucose lowering drug used for people with Type 2 diabetes. It is part of the sulfonylurea family (ATC A10BB).
glimepiride (684286-46-2, 93479-97-1)  
Amaryl  ·  Amarel  ·  Aventis brand of glimepiride
Glimepiride (original trade name Amaryl) is an orally available medium-to-long-acting sulfonylurea antidiabetic drug. It is sometimes classified as either the first third-generation sulfonylurea, or as second-generation.
Iminostilbene (256-96-2)  
iminostilbene, 10-(13)C-labeled
Dibenzazepine (iminostilbene) is a chemical compound with two benzene rings fused to an azepine group.
chlorpropamide (94-20-2)  
Diabinese  ·  Glucamide  ·  Clorpropamid
Chlorpropamide is a drug in the sulfonylurea class used to treat diabetes mellitus type 2. It is a long-acting first-generation sulfonylurea. It has more side effects than other sulfonylureas and its use is no longer recommended.
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