www.sigmaaldrich.com, Drugs acting on the genito-urinary system, Antihypertensive agents, D4 antagonists, Drugs acting on the cardiovascular system, Typical antipsychotics, D2 antagonists
Alpha blockers (1)
Alpha-1 blockers (1)
Alpha-2 blockers (1)
Cyclic compounds (1)
D3 antagonists (1)
R 3345 · Dipiperon · 1'-(3-(4-fluorobenzoyl)propyl)-(1,4'-bipiperidine) -4'-carboxamide
Pipamperone (INN, USAN, BAN), also known as carpiperone and floropipamide or fluoropipamide, and as floropipamide hydrochloride (JAN), is a typical antipsychotic of the butyrophenone family used in the treatment of schizophrenia. It is or has been marketed under brand names including Dipiperon, Dipiperal, Piperonil, Piperonyl, and Propitan. Pipamperone was discovered at Janssen Pharmaceutica in 1961, and entered clinical trials in the United States in 1963.
1,3,5-tris(3-isocyanato-4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (26603-40-7, 8060-82-0)
brobenzoxaldine, broxyquinoline drug combination · Intestopan · Enteroquin
Clozaril · Leponex
Clozapine, sold under the brand name Clozaril among others, is an atypical antipsychotic medication. It is mainly used for schizophrenia that does not improve following the use of other antipsychotic medications. In those with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder it may decrease the rate of suicidal behavior.
amisulpride (71675-85-9, 53583-79-2)
Solian · sultopride · DAN 2163
Amisulpride, sold under the brand name Solian among others, is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia. In Italy, at a lower dosage of 50 mg per day, it is also used as a treatment for dysthymia. It is usually classed with the newer generation of antipsychotics, the so called atypical antipsychotics.
Agomelatine (brand names Valdoxan, Melitor, Thymanax) is an atypical antidepressant developed by the pharmaceutical company Servier. It is marketed for the treatment of major depressive disorder, primarily for its relatively favorable side effect profile: it avoids the weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and severe withdrawal associated with the most commonly used classes of antidepressants (SSRIs, SNRIs, tricyclics), while providing similar therapeutic benefit. Due to its distinctive mechanism of action, agomelatine is also studied for its effects on sleep regulation.
Nitoman · Orphan Brand of Tetrabenazine · Tetrabenazine Orphan Brand
Tetrabenazine is a drug for the symptomatic treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorders. It is marketed under the trade names Nitoman in Canada and Xenazine in New Zealand, some parts of Europe and in the United States as an orphan drug. On August 15, 2008, the U.S.
Cardura · Doxazosin Mesylate · Progandol Neo
Doxazosin mesylate, a quinazoline compound sold by Pfizer under the brand names Cardura and Carduran, is an α1-selective alpha blocker used to treat high blood pressure and urinary retention associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In March 2000, the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) study stopped its arm of the trial looking at alpha blockers, because doxazosin was less effective than a simple diuretic, and because patients on doxazosin had a 25% higher rate of cardiovascular disease and twice the rate of congestive heart failure as patients on diuretics. Pfizer, aware of the results before publication, launched a marketing campaign in early 2000, and sales were largely unaffected, despite the dangers highlighted by the study.
Namenda · D 145 · D145
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
Metformin hydrochloride (15537-72-1, 1115-70-4)
Metformin · Glucophage · Metformin HCl
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight. It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.
Trazodone hydrochloride (19666-36-5, 25332-39-2)
Trazodone · Desyrel · Trittico
Trazodone, sold under many brand names worldwide, is an atypical antidepressant of the serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitor (SARI) class. It is a phenylpiperazine compound. Trazodone also has anti-anxiety (anxiolytic) and sleep-inducing (hypnotic) effects.
Aldactone · Spirolactone · NovoSpiroton
Spironolactone, sold under the brand name Aldactone among others, is a medication that is primarily used to treat fluid build-up due to heart failure, liver scarring, or kidney disease. It is also used in the treatment of high blood pressure, low blood potassium that does not improve with supplementation, early puberty in boys, acne and excessive hair growth in women, and as a part of feminizing hormone therapy in transgender women. Spironolactone is taken by mouth.
Telmisartan (INN) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (angiotensin receptor blocker, ARB) used in the management of hypertension. It was discovered by Boehringer Ingelheim and launched in 1999 as Micardis. In January 2014, Actavis as generic version of Micardis got appoval from FDA.
Wy 21901 · Wy-21901 · Wy21901
Indoramin (trade names Baratol and Doralese) is a piperidine antiadrenergic agent. It is an alpha-1 selective adrenoceptor antagonist with direct myocardial depression action; therefore, it results in no reflex tachycardia. It is also used in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Tenex · Guanfacine Hydrochloride · Guanfacine Monohydrochloride
Guanfacine (trade names Estulic, Tenex, and, in extended release form, Intuniv) is a sympatholytic drug used to treat hypertension and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a selective α2A receptor agonist.
Labetalol hydrochloride (32780-64-6, 72487-34-4)
Labetalol · Normodyne · Trandate
Labetalol is a medication used to treat high blood pressure. It can be given intravenously in severe hypertensive situations, or by mouth for long term hypertension management. Its dose and use is limited by its main side effect—postural hypotension, where there is a substantial drop in blood pressure when standing up.
midodrine (133163-28-7, 42794-76-3)
Midon · ProAmatine · Midodrine Hydrochloride
Midodrine (brand names Amatine, ProAmatine, Gutron, Bramox)is a vasopressor/antihypotensive agent. Midodrine was approved in the United States by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1996 for the treatment of dysautonomia and orthostatic hypotension. In August 2010, the FDA proposed withdrawing this approval because the manufacturer, Shire plc, has failed to complete required studies after the medicine reached the market.
Ropinirole hydrochloride (91374-20-8)
Ropinirole (INN; trade names Requip, Repreve, Ronirol, Adartrel) is a dopamine agonist of the non-ergoline class of medications. It is manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Cipla, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Sun Pharmaceutical.
Raloxifene, sold under the brand name Evista among others, is a medication which is used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and to reduce the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or at high risk for breast cancer. It is taken by mouth. Side effects of raloxifene include hot flashes, leg cramps, and an increased risk of blood clots and other cardiovascular events such as stroke.
Serzone · nefazodone hydrochloride · Apotex brand of nefazodone hydrochloride
Nefazodone, sold formerly under the brand names Serzone, Dutonin, and Nefadar among others, is an atypical antidepressant which was first marketed by Bristol-Myers Squibb in 1994 but has since largely been discontinued. BMS withdrew it from the market by 2004 due to decreasing sales due to the rare incidence of severe liver damage and the onset of generic competition. The incidence of severe liver damage is approximately 1 in every 250,000 to 300,000 patient-years.