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www.sigmaaldrich.com, Drugs acting on the genito-urinary system, Antihypertensive agents, D4 antagonists, Psychopharmacology, Alpha blockers, D3 antagonists

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Pipamperone (1893-33-0)  
R 3345  ·  Dipiperon  ·  1'-(3-(4-fluorobenzoyl)propyl)-(1,4'-bipiperidine) -4'-carboxamide
Pipamperone (INN, USAN, BAN), also known as carpiperone and floropipamide or fluoropipamide, and as floropipamide hydrochloride (JAN), is a typical antipsychotic of the butyrophenone family used in the treatment of schizophrenia. It is or has been marketed under brand names including Dipiperon, Dipiperal, Piperonil, Piperonyl, and Propitan. Pipamperone was discovered at Janssen Pharmaceutica in 1961, and entered clinical trials in the United States in 1963.

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INDORAMIN (26844-12-2)  
Wy 21901  ·  Wy-21901  ·  Wy21901
Indoramin (trade names Baratol and Doralese) is a piperidine antiadrenergic agent. It is an alpha-1 selective adrenoceptor antagonist with direct myocardial depression action; therefore, it results in no reflex tachycardia. It is also used in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
doxazosin (74191-85-8)  
Cardura  ·  Doxazosin Mesylate  ·  Progandol Neo
Doxazosin mesylate, a quinazoline compound sold by Pfizer under the brand names Cardura and Carduran, is an α1-selective alpha blocker used to treat high blood pressure and urinary retention associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In March 2000, the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) study stopped its arm of the trial looking at alpha blockers, because doxazosin was less effective than a simple diuretic, and because patients on doxazosin had a 25% higher rate of cardiovascular disease and twice the rate of congestive heart failure as patients on diuretics. Pfizer, aware of the results before publication, launched a marketing campaign in early 2000, and sales were largely unaffected, despite the dangers highlighted by the study.
GUANFACINE (29110-47-2)  
Tenex  ·  Guanfacine Hydrochloride  ·  Guanfacine Monohydrochloride
Guanfacine (trade names Estulic, Tenex, and, in extended release form, Intuniv) is a sympatholytic drug used to treat hypertension and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a selective α2A receptor agonist.
memantine (19982-08-2)  
Namenda  ·  D 145  ·  D145
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
MOXONIDINE (75438-57-2)  
Moxon  ·  Zint  ·  Cynt
Moxonidine (INN) is a new-generation centrally acting antihypertensive drug licensed for the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension. It may have a role when thiazides, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors and calcium channel blockers are not appropriate or have failed to control blood pressure. In addition, it demonstrates favourable effects on parameters of the insulin resistance syndrome, apparently independent of blood pressure reduction.
MEMANTINE HYDROCHLORIDE (41100-52-1)  
Memantine  ·  Namenda  ·  D 145
Memantine is used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease. It acts on the glutamatergic system by blocking NMDA receptors. It was first synthesized by Eli Lilly and Company in 1968 as a potential agent to treat diabetes; the NMDA activity was discovered in the 1980s.
2,4-THIAZOLIDINEDIONE (2295-31-0)  
thiazolidinedione  ·  T-174  ·  2,4-thiazolidinedione potassium
The thiazolidinediones , abbreviated as TZD, also known as glitazones after the prototypical drug ciglitazone, are a class of heterocyclic compounds consisting of a five-membered C3NS ring. The term usually refers to a family of drugs used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2 that were introduced in the late 1990s.
spironolactone (52-01-7)  
Aldactone  ·  Spirolactone  ·  NovoSpiroton
Spironolactone, sold under the brand name Aldactone among others, is a medication that is primarily used to treat fluid build-up due to heart failure, liver scarring, or kidney disease. It is also used in the treatment of high blood pressure, low blood potassium that does not improve with supplementation, early puberty in boys, acne and excessive hair growth in women, and as a part of feminizing hormone therapy in transgender women. Spironolactone is taken by mouth.
Agomelatine (138112-76-2)  
Agomelatine (brand names Valdoxan, Melitor, Thymanax) is an atypical antidepressant developed by the pharmaceutical company Servier. It is marketed for the treatment of major depressive disorder, primarily for its relatively favorable side effect profile: it avoids the weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and severe withdrawal associated with the most commonly used classes of antidepressants (SSRIs, SNRIs, tricyclics), while providing similar therapeutic benefit. Due to its distinctive mechanism of action, agomelatine is also studied for its effects on sleep regulation.
irbesartan (138402-11-6)  
Avapro  ·  SR 47436  ·  BMS 186295
Irbesartan (INN) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used mainly for the treatment of hypertension. It was developed by Sanofi Research (now part of Sanofi-Aventis). It is jointly marketed by Sanofi-Aventis and Bristol-Myers Squibb under the trade names Aprovel, Karvea, and Avapro.
Telmisartan (144701-48-4)  
Telmisartan (INN) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (angiotensin receptor blocker, ARB) used in the management of hypertension. It was discovered by Boehringer Ingelheim and launched in 1999 as Micardis. In January 2014, Actavis as generic version of Micardis got appoval from FDA.
Candesartan cilexetil (145040-37-5)  
Amias  ·  Atacand  ·  Kenzen
Candesartan (rINN) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used mainly for the treatment of hypertension. The prodrug candesartan cilexetil is marketed by AstraZeneca and Takeda Pharmaceuticals, commonly under the trade names Diceran,Blopress, Atacand, Amias, and Ratacand. It is available in generic form.
losartan (114798-26-4)  
Cozaar  ·  Losartan Potassium  ·  DuP 753
Losartan, sold under the trade name Cozaar among others, is a medication mainly used to treat high blood pressure. Other uses include for diabetic kidney disease, heart failure, and left ventricular enlargement. It is taken by mouth.
Labetalol hydrochloride (32780-64-6, 72487-34-4)  
Labetalol  ·  Normodyne  ·  Trandate
Labetalol is a medication used to treat high blood pressure. It can be given intravenously in severe hypertensive situations, or by mouth for long term hypertension management. Its dose and use is limited by its main side effect—postural hypotension, where there is a substantial drop in blood pressure when standing up.
fenoldopam (67227-57-0, 67227-56-9)  
Corlopam  ·  Fenoldopam Mesylate  ·  SKF 82526
Fenoldopam mesylate (Corlopam) is a drug and synthetic benzazepine derivative which acts as a selective D1 receptor partial agonist. Fenoldopam is used as an antihypertensive agent. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in September 1997.
guanfacine hydrochloride (29110-48-3)  
Guanfacine  ·  Tenex  ·  Guanfacine Monohydrochloride
Guanfacine (trade names Estulic, Tenex, and, in extended release form, Intuniv) is a sympatholytic drug used to treat hypertension and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a selective α2A receptor agonist.
dihydroergotamine (511-12-6, 6190-39-2)  
Agit  ·  Dihydroergotamine Mesylate  ·  Migranal
Dihydroergotamine (DHE) is an ergot alkaloid used to treat migraines. It is a derivative of ergotamine. It is administered as a nasal spray or injection and has an efficacy similar to that of sumatriptan.
Prazosin hydrochloride (19237-84-4)  
Prazosin  ·  Minipress  ·  Prazosin HCL
Prazosin, trade names Minipress, Vasoflex, Lentopres and Hypovase, is a sympatholytic drug used to treat high blood pressure, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is an α1-blocker which acts as an inverse agonist at alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. These receptors are found on vascular smooth muscle, where they are responsible for the vasoconstrictive action of norepinephrine.
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