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www.sigmaaldrich.com, Drugs acting on the genito-urinary system, Antihypertensive agents, Stimulants

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Alpha blockers (1)
Alpha-2 blockers (1)
Cyclic compounds (1)
Designer drugs (1)
Drugs acting on the cardiovascular system (1)
Drugs acting on the nervous system (1)
Drugs for benign prostatic hyperplasia (1)
Euphoriants (1)
Monoamine releasing agents (1)
Piperazines (1)
Psychoactive drugs (1)
Psychoanaleptics (1)
Serotonin-norepinephrine-dopamine releasing agents (1)
Six-membered rings (1)
Urologicals (1)

1-Benzylpiperazine (2759-28-6)  
1-benzylpiperazine hydrochloride  ·  1-benzylpiperazine tartrate  ·  1-benzylpiperazine dihydrochloride
Benzylpiperazine (BZP) is a recreational drug with euphoriant and stimulant properties. The effects produced by BZP are comparable to those produced by amphetamine. Adverse effects have been reported following its use including acute psychosis, renal toxicity and seizures.

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1,3,5-tris(3-isocyanato-4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (26603-40-7, 8060-82-0)  
brobenzoxaldine, broxyquinoline drug combination  ·  Intestopan  ·  Enteroquin
doxazosin (74191-85-8)  
Cardura  ·  Doxazosin Mesylate  ·  Progandol Neo
Doxazosin mesylate, a quinazoline compound sold by Pfizer under the brand names Cardura and Carduran, is an α1-selective alpha blocker used to treat high blood pressure and urinary retention associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In March 2000, the Antihypertensive and Lipid Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) study stopped its arm of the trial looking at alpha blockers, because doxazosin was less effective than a simple diuretic, and because patients on doxazosin had a 25% higher rate of cardiovascular disease and twice the rate of congestive heart failure as patients on diuretics. Pfizer, aware of the results before publication, launched a marketing campaign in early 2000, and sales were largely unaffected, despite the dangers highlighted by the study.
clozapine (5786-21-0)  
Clozaril  ·  Leponex
Clozapine, sold under the brand name Clozaril among others, is an atypical antipsychotic medication. It is mainly used for schizophrenia that does not improve following the use of other antipsychotic medications. In those with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder it may decrease the rate of suicidal behavior.
spironolactone (52-01-7)  
Aldactone  ·  Spirolactone  ·  NovoSpiroton
Spironolactone, sold under the brand name Aldactone among others, is a medication that is primarily used to treat fluid build-up due to heart failure, liver scarring, or kidney disease. It is also used in the treatment of high blood pressure, low blood potassium that does not improve with supplementation, early puberty in boys, acne and excessive hair growth in women, and as a part of feminizing hormone therapy in transgender women. Spironolactone is taken by mouth.
loperamide (53179-11-6)  
Imodium  ·  Loperamide Hydrochloride  ·  Loperamide Monohydrochloride
Loperamide, sold under the brand name Imodium among others, is a medication used to decrease the frequency of diarrhea. It is often used for this purpose in gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and short bowel syndrome. It is not recommended for those with blood in the stool.
nefazodone (83366-66-9)  
Serzone  ·  nefazodone hydrochloride  ·  Apotex brand of nefazodone hydrochloride
Nefazodone, sold formerly under the brand names Serzone, Dutonin, and Nefadar among others, is an atypical antidepressant which was first marketed by Bristol-Myers Squibb in 1994 but has since largely been discontinued. BMS withdrew it from the market by 2004 due to decreasing sales due to the rare incidence of severe liver damage and the onset of generic competition. The incidence of severe liver damage is approximately 1 in every 250,000 to 300,000 patient-years.
Atomoxetine (83015-26-3, 82248-59-7)  
Atomoxetine, sold under the brand name Strattera among others, is a norepinephrine (noradrenaline) reuptake inhibitor which is approved for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). As of 2017, it is available as a generic medication in the United States.
dihydroergotamine (511-12-6, 6190-39-2)  
Agit  ·  Dihydroergotamine Mesylate  ·  Migranal
Dihydroergotamine (DHE) is an ergot alkaloid used to treat migraines. It is a derivative of ergotamine. It is administered as a nasal spray or injection and has an efficacy similar to that of sumatriptan.
chlorothiazide (58-94-6)  
Chlorothiazide sodium (Diuril) is an organic compound used as a diuretic and as an antihypertensive. It is used both within the hospital setting or for personal use to manage excess fluid associated with congestive heart failure. Most often taken in pill form, it is usually taken orally once or twice a day.
Dihydroergotamine mesylate (6190-39-2, 11032-41-0)  
Agit  ·  Dihydroergotamine  ·  Migranal
Dihydroergotamine (DHE) is an ergot alkaloid used to treat migraines. It is a derivative of ergotamine. It is administered as a nasal spray or injection and has an efficacy similar to that of sumatriptan.
Trazodone hydrochloride (19666-36-5, 25332-39-2)  
Trazodone  ·  Desyrel  ·  Trittico
Trazodone, sold under many brand names worldwide, is an atypical antidepressant of the serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitor (SARI) class. It is a phenylpiperazine compound. Trazodone also has anti-anxiety (anxiolytic) and sleep-inducing (hypnotic) effects.
lamotrigine (84057-84-1)  
Lamictal  ·  3,5-diamino-6-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazine  ·  Labileno
Lamotrigine, sold as the brandname Lamictal among other, is an anticonvulsant medication used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder. For epilepsy, this includes focal seizures, tonic-clonic seizures, and seizures in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. In bipolar, it is used to treat acute episodes of depression, rapid cycling in bipolar type II, and prevent recurrence in bipolar type I.
pemoline (2152-34-3)  
Cylert  ·  Lilly Brand of Pemoline  ·  PemADD
Pemoline is a stimulant drug of the 4-oxazolidinone class. It was first synthesized in 1913 but its activity was not discovered until the 1930s. Under the names Betanamin, Cylert, Tradon, and Ceractiv it was used as a medication to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
primidone (125-33-7)  
Mysoline  ·  Sertan  ·  AstraZeneca Brand of Primidone
Primidone (INN, BAN, USP) is an anticonvulsant of the barbiturate class. It is a structural analog of phenobarbital and related to barbiturate-derivative anticonvulsants. The active metabolites, phenobarbital, p-hydroxyphenobarbital, and phenylethylmalonamide, are also anticonvulsants.
modafinil (68693-11-8)  
Vigil  ·  Provigil  ·  Alertec
Modafinil, sold under the brand name Provigil among others, is a wakefulness-promoting drug used for treatment of disorders such as narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder, idiopathic hypersomnia, and excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea. It has also seen widespread off-label use as a purported cognitive enhancer. In the United States modafinil is classified as a schedule IV controlled substance and restricted in availability and usage, due to concerns about possible addiction potential.
Lofexidine (31036-80-3)  
Lofexidine (sold under the brand names: BritLofex and Kai Er Ding) is an α2A adrenergic receptor agonist, historically used as an antihypertensive, but more commonly used to alleviate the physical symptoms of heroin and other types of opioid withdrawal.
(-)-Norephedrine (492-41-1, 14838-15-4, 700-65-2)  
Phenylpropanolamine  ·  Phenylpropanolamine Hydrochloride  ·  Norephedrine
Subutex (53152-21-9)  
Buprenorphine  ·  Buprenex  ·  Buprenorphine Hydrochloride
buprenorphine (52485-79-7)  
Buprenex  ·  Buprenorphine Hydrochloride  ·  Subutex
Buprenorphine, sold under the brand name Subutex, among others, is an opioid used to treat opioid addiction, acute pain, and chronic pain. It can be used under the tongue, by injection, as a skin patch, or as an implant. When used for opioid addiction it is recommended that a health care provider observe the person while they take the medication.
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