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www.sigmaaldrich.com, Drugs acting on the genito-urinary system, CYP17A1 inhibitors, Anti-diabetic drugs, Hormonal agents, Systemic hormonal preparations, Cyclic compounds

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Antiandrogens (2)
Antiglucocorticoids (2)
Drugs acting on the gastrointestinal system and metabolism (2)
PPAR agonists (2)
Pharmaceuticals (2)
Pyridines (2)
Sex hormones (2)
Six-membered rings (2)
Thiazolidinediones (2)

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Pioglitazone (111025-46-8)  
Actos  ·  pioglitazone hydrochloride  ·  U72,107A
Pioglitazone (brand name Actos) is a prescription drug of the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class with hypoglycemic (antihyperglycemic, antidiabetic) action to treat diabetes. While pioglitazone does decrease blood sugar levels, studies on the main cardiovascular outcomes have not yielded statistically significant results. Its cardiovascular safety profile compares favorably with that of rosiglitazone, which was withdrawn from some markets after concerns about an increased risk of cardiac events.
rosiglitazone (122320-73-4)  
Rosiglitazone (trade name Avandia) is an antidiabetic drug in the thiazolidinedione class. It works as an insulin sensitizer, by binding to the PPAR in fat cells and making the cells more responsive to insulin. It is marketed by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) as a stand-alone drug or for use in combination with metformin or with glimepiride.

Related Results:
1,3,5-tris(3-isocyanato-4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (26603-40-7, 8060-82-0)  
brobenzoxaldine, broxyquinoline drug combination  ·  Intestopan  ·  Enteroquin
thalidomide (50-35-1)  
Thalomid  ·  Celgene Brand of Thalidomide  ·  Sedoval
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs. Today, thalidomide is used mainly as a treatment of certain cancers (multiple myeloma) and of a complication of leprosy. Thalidomide was first marketed in 1957 in West Germany under the trade-name Contergan.
metformin (1115-70-4, 657-24-9)  
Glucophage  ·  Metformin Hydrochloride  ·  Metformin HCl
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight. It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.
121-30-2 (121-30-2)  
2-ACBDS  ·  2-amino-4-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide  ·  4-amino-6-chloro-1,3-benzenedisulfonamide
ethisterone (434-03-7)  
Pregneninolone  ·  Anhydrohydroxyprogesterone  ·  17 alpha Ethynyltestosterone
Ethisterone (brand names Proluton C, Pranone among others), also known as ethinyltestosterone, pregneninolone, or anhydrohydroxyprogesterone, is a progestin with androgenic activity which was derived from testosterone and was introduced for medical use in 1939. It was the second progestogen to be marketed (intramuscular progesterone was introduced as Proluton in 1934) and was both the first orally active progestogen and the first progestin (synthetic progestogen) to be introduced. Although ethisterone has largely been superseded by newer drugs and is now little used, it reportedly continues to be available in some countries.
Melatonin (8041-44-9, 73-31-4)  
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness. Melatonin is also produced in plants where it functions as a first line of defense against oxidative stress. In animals, melatonin is involved in the entrainment (synchronization) of the circadian rhythms including sleep-wake timing, blood pressure regulation, seasonal reproduction, and many others.
loperamide (53179-11-6)  
Imodium  ·  Loperamide Hydrochloride  ·  Loperamide Monohydrochloride
Loperamide, sold under the brand name Imodium among others, is a medication used to decrease the frequency of diarrhea. It is often used for this purpose in gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and short bowel syndrome. It is not recommended for those with blood in the stool.
Metformin hydrochloride (15537-72-1, 1115-70-4)  
Metformin  ·  Glucophage  ·  Metformin HCl
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight. It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.
16673-34-0 (16673-34-0)  
5-chloro-2-methoxy-N-(2-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)ethyl)benzamide
NITAZOXANIDE (55981-09-4)  
NTZ  ·  Daxon  ·  Alinia
Nitazoxanide is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic and broad-spectrum antiviral drug that is used in medicine for the treatment of various helminthic, protozoal, and viral infections. It is indicated for the treatment of infection by Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia in immunocompetent individuals and has been repurposed for the treatment of influenza. Nitazoxanide has also been shown to have in vitro antiparasitic activity and clinical treatment efficacy for infections caused by other protozoa and helminths; emerging evidence suggests that it possesses efficacy in treating a number of viral infections as well.
leflunomide (75706-12-6)  
Arava  ·  HWA 486  ·  Aventis Pharma Brand of Leflunomide
Leflunomide (original brand name Arava) is an immunosuppressive disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD), used in active moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. It is a pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor that works by inhibiting dihydroorotate dehydrogenase.
Iminostilbene (256-96-2)  
iminostilbene, 10-(13)C-labeled
Dibenzazepine (iminostilbene) is a chemical compound with two benzene rings fused to an azepine group.
bicalutamide (90357-06-5)  
Casodex  ·  4'-cyano-3-(4-fluorophenylsulfonyl)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-3'-(trifluoromethyl)propionanilide  ·  ICI 176334
Bicalutamide, sold under the brand name Casodex among others, is an antiandrogen medication that is primarily used to treat prostate cancer. It is typically used together with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue or surgical removal of the testicles to treat advanced prostate cancer. Bicalutamide may also be used to treat excessive hair growth in women, as a component of feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women, to treat early puberty in boys, and to prevent overly long-lasting erections in men.
hydroxychloroquine (118-42-3)  
Plaquenil  ·  Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate  ·  Oxychloroquine
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), sold under the brand name Plaquenil among others, is a medication used for the prevention and treatment of certain types of malaria. Specifically it is used for chloroquine sensitive malaria. Other uses include treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and porphyria cutanea tarda.
formestane (566-48-3)  
Formestane, sold under the brand name Lentaron among others, is a steroidal, selective aromatase inhibitor which is used in the treatment of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer in postmenopausal women. The drug is not active orally, and is instead available only as an intramuscular depot injection. Because of this, it is no longer popular as many orally active aromatase inhibitors have been identified and introduced.
colchicine (64-86-8)  
Colchicine, (+-)-Isomer  ·  Colchicine, (R)-Isomer
Colchicine is a medication most commonly used to treat gout. It is a toxic natural product and secondary metabolite, originally extracted from plants of the genus Colchicum (autumn crocus, Colchicum autumnale, also known as "meadow saffron"). Adverse effects are primarily gastrointestinal upset at high doses.
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