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www.sigmaaldrich.com, Drugs acting on the genito-urinary system, CYP17A1 inhibitors, Anti-diabetic drugs, Six-membered rings, Sex hormones

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Antiandrogens (2)
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Cyclic compounds (2)
Drugs acting on the gastrointestinal system and metabolism (2)
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PPAR agonists (2)
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Pyridines (2)
Systemic hormonal preparations (2)
Thiazolidinediones (2)

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Pioglitazone (111025-46-8)  
Actos  ·  pioglitazone hydrochloride  ·  U72,107A
Pioglitazone (brand name Actos) is a prescription drug of the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class with hypoglycemic (antihyperglycemic, antidiabetic) action to treat diabetes. While pioglitazone does decrease blood sugar levels, studies on the main cardiovascular outcomes have not yielded statistically significant results. Its cardiovascular safety profile compares favorably with that of rosiglitazone, which was withdrawn from some markets after concerns about an increased risk of cardiac events.
rosiglitazone (122320-73-4)  
Rosiglitazone (trade name Avandia) is an antidiabetic drug in the thiazolidinedione class. It works as an insulin sensitizer, by binding to the PPAR in fat cells and making the cells more responsive to insulin. It is marketed by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) as a stand-alone drug or for use in combination with metformin or with glimepiride.

Related Results:
1,3,5-tris(3-isocyanato-4-methylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (26603-40-7, 8060-82-0)  
brobenzoxaldine, broxyquinoline drug combination  ·  Intestopan  ·  Enteroquin
thalidomide (50-35-1)  
Thalomid  ·  Celgene Brand of Thalidomide  ·  Sedoval
Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs. Today, thalidomide is used mainly as a treatment of certain cancers (multiple myeloma) and of a complication of leprosy. Thalidomide was first marketed in 1957 in West Germany under the trade-name Contergan.
metformin (1115-70-4, 657-24-9)  
Glucophage  ·  Metformin Hydrochloride  ·  Metformin HCl
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight. It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.
2,4-THIAZOLIDINEDIONE (2295-31-0)  
thiazolidinedione  ·  T-174  ·  2,4-thiazolidinedione potassium
The thiazolidinediones , abbreviated as TZD, also known as glitazones after the prototypical drug ciglitazone, are a class of heterocyclic compounds consisting of a five-membered C3NS ring. The term usually refers to a family of drugs used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2 that were introduced in the late 1990s.
gliclazide (21187-98-4)  
S 852  ·  Diamicron  ·  S 1702
Gliclazide, sold under the brand name Diamicron among others, is an anti-diabetic medication used to treat diabetes mellitus type 2. It is used when dietary changes, exercise, and weight loss are not enough. It is taken by mouth.
Metformin hydrochloride (15537-72-1, 1115-70-4)  
Metformin  ·  Glucophage  ·  Metformin HCl
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight. It is also used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Limited evidence suggests metformin may prevent the cardiovascular disease and cancer complications of diabetes.
Melatonin (8041-44-9, 73-31-4)  
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness. Melatonin is also produced in plants where it functions as a first line of defense against oxidative stress. In animals, melatonin is involved in the entrainment (synchronization) of the circadian rhythms including sleep-wake timing, blood pressure regulation, seasonal reproduction, and many others.
tolazamide (1156-19-0)  
Tolinase  ·  Pharmacia Brand of Tolazamide
Tolazamide is an oral blood glucose lowering drug used for people with Type 2 diabetes. It is part of the sulfonylurea family (ATC A10BB).
glyburide (10238-21-8)  
Glibenclamide  ·  Micronase  ·  Diabeta
Glibenclamide, also known as glyburide, is an antidiabetic drug in a class of medications known as sulfonylureas, closely related to sulfonamide antibiotics. It was developed in 1966 in a cooperative study between Boehringer Mannheim (now part of Roche) and Hoechst (now part of Sanofi-Aventis).
loperamide (53179-11-6)  
Imodium  ·  Loperamide Hydrochloride  ·  Loperamide Monohydrochloride
Loperamide, sold under the brand name Imodium among others, is a medication used to decrease the frequency of diarrhea. It is often used for this purpose in gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and short bowel syndrome. It is not recommended for those with blood in the stool.
16673-34-0 (16673-34-0)  
5-chloro-2-methoxy-N-(2-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)ethyl)benzamide
121-30-2 (121-30-2)  
2-ACBDS  ·  2-amino-4-chloro-m-benzenedisulfonamide  ·  4-amino-6-chloro-1,3-benzenedisulfonamide
Iminostilbene (256-96-2)  
iminostilbene, 10-(13)C-labeled
Dibenzazepine (iminostilbene) is a chemical compound with two benzene rings fused to an azepine group.
PHENOTHIAZINE (92-84-2)  
phenosan
Phenothiazine, abbreviated PTZ, is an organic compound that has the formula S(C6H4)2NH and is related to the thiazine-class of heterocyclic compounds. Although the parent compound has no uses, derivatives of phenothiazine are highly bioactive and have widespread use and rich history. The derivative chlorpromazine revolutionized the field of psychiatry and allergy treatment.
colchicine (64-86-8)  
Colchicine, (+-)-Isomer  ·  Colchicine, (R)-Isomer
Colchicine is a medication most commonly used to treat gout. It is a toxic natural product and secondary metabolite, originally extracted from plants of the genus Colchicum (autumn crocus, Colchicum autumnale, also known as "meadow saffron"). Adverse effects are primarily gastrointestinal upset at high doses.
spironolactone (52-01-7)  
Aldactone  ·  Spirolactone  ·  NovoSpiroton
Spironolactone, sold under the brand name Aldactone among others, is a medication that is primarily used to treat fluid build-up due to heart failure, liver scarring, or kidney disease. It is also used in the treatment of high blood pressure, low blood potassium that does not improve with supplementation, early puberty in boys, acne and excessive hair growth in women, and as a part of feminizing hormone therapy in transgender women. Spironolactone is taken by mouth.
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