www.sigmaaldrich.com, Drugs acting on the genito-urinary system, Hormonal contraception, Five-membered rings
Cyclic compounds (1)
Hormonal agents (1)
Sex hormones (1)
Spiro compounds (1)
Diosgenin, a phytosteroid sapogenin, is the product of hydrolysis by acids, strong bases, or enzymes of saponins, extracted from the tubers of Dioscorea wild yam, such as the Kokoro. The sugar-free (aglycone) product of such hydrolysis, diosgenin is used for the commercial synthesis of cortisone, pregnenolone, progesterone, and other steroid products.
Levonorgestrel (797-63-7, 6533-00-2)
Plan B · Norplant · Mirena
Norgestrel, sold under the brand name Ovral among others, is a progestin that is used in combination with an estrogen in hormonal contraceptives. It has also been used as an emergency contraceptive in the Yuzpe regimen.
Pregneninolone · Anhydrohydroxyprogesterone · 17 alpha Ethynyltestosterone
Ethisterone (brand names Proluton C, Pranone among others), also known as ethinyltestosterone, pregneninolone, or anhydrohydroxyprogesterone, is a progestin with androgenic activity which was derived from testosterone and was introduced for medical use in 1939. It was the second progestogen to be marketed (intramuscular progesterone was introduced as Proluton in 1934) and was both the first orally active progestogen and the first progestin (synthetic progestogen) to be introduced. Although ethisterone has largely been superseded by newer drugs and is now little used, it reportedly continues to be available in some countries.
Nonoxynol-9 (42173-90-0, 26571-11-9, 14409-72-4)
Nonoxynol-9, sometimes abbreviated as N-9, is an organic compound that is used as a surfactant. It is a member of the nonoxynol family of nonionic surfactants. N-9 and related compounds are ingredients in various cleaning and cosmetic products.
ZK30595 · 6beta,7beta,15beta,16beta-dimethylen-3-oxo-17alpha-pregn-4-en-21,17-carbolacton · ZK 30595
Drospirenone is a progestin used in birth control pills and in menopausal hormone therapy for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. In addition to its progestogenic activity, it also has antiandrogenic and antimineralocorticoid activity. It is sold as a combined birth control pill under the brand names Yasmin (US, EU, Latin America), Jasmine (France), Yarina (Russia) in a dosage containing drospirenone 3 mg/ethinylestradiol 30 µg.
ethinyl estradiol (57-63-6)
Estinyl · Ethinyloestradiol · Ethynyl Estradiol
Ethinylestriol (EE3), or 17α-ethynylestriol, also known as 17α-ethynylestra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,16α,17β-triol, is a synthetic, steroidal estrogen that was never marketed. Nilestriol, the 3-cyclopentyl ether of ethinylestriol, is a prodrug of ethinylestriol, and is a more potent estrogen in comparison, but, similarly to ethinylestriol, was never marketed. Ethinylestriol has been found to reduce the risk of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary cancer when given as a prophylactic in animal models, while other estrogens like ethinylestradiol and diethylstilbestrol were ineffective.
Norethisterone · Micronor · Norlutin
Norethisterone (NET), also known as norethindrone, is a medication that is used in combination with estrogen or alone in hormonal contraceptives, menopausal hormone therapy, and in the treatment of gynecological disorders. It is a synthetic progestogen (or a progestin) of the 19-nortestosterone group and has similar effects to those of natural progesterone, including suppression of gonadotropins, ovulation inhibition, and endometrial transformation. In addition to its progestogenic activity, NET also has weak androgenic and estrogenic effects at high dosages.
Adgyn Medro · 17 alpha-Hydroxy-6 alpha-Methylprogesterone · 17 alpha Hydroxy 6 alpha Methylprogesterone
Medroxyprogesterone (abbreviated as MP), sold under the brand name Controlestril, is a progestin which is used in veterinary medicine in France to control estrus in animals. A derivative, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), is used as a medication in humans, and is far more widely known in comparison. Compared to MPA, MP is over two orders of magnitude less potent as a progestogen.
methyltestosterone (262423-02-9, 58-18-4)
Android · Oreton · Metandren
Methyltestosterone, sold under the brand names Android, Metandren, and Testred among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men, delayed puberty in boys, at low doses as a component of menopausal hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms like hot flashes, osteoporosis, and low sexual desire in women, and to treat breast cancer in women. It is taken by mouth. Side effects of methyltestosterone include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire.
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (71-58-9)
Provera · DepoProvera · Depo Provera
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), sold under the brand name Depo-Provera among others, is a hormonal medication of the progestin type. It is used as birth control and as part of menopausal hormone therapy. It is also used to treat endometriosis, abnormal uterine bleeding, abnormal sexuality in males, and certain types of cancer.
Implanon · Nourypharma brand of 3-keto-desogestrel · nexplanon
Etonogestrel, sold under a number of brand names, is a progestin used in hormonal contraceptives, most notably the etonogestrel contraceptive implant (Nexplanon, Implanon) and the contraceptive vaginal ring (NuvaRing, Circlet). It was first introduced, as Implanon in Indonesia, in 1998, and was subsequently marketed in the United Kingdom shortly thereafter and in the United States in 2006. Etonogestrel is less androgenic than levonorgestrel and norethisterone, and it does not cause a decrease in sex hormone-binding globulin levels.
Danocrine · Azol · Danol
Danazol, sold under the brand names Danatrol, Danocrine, Danol, and Danoval among many others, is a synthetic steroid that is used primarily in the treatment of endometriosis. It was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1971 as the first drug in the country to specifically treat this condition.
Dienogest, sold under the brand names Dinagest, Natazia, Qlaira, Valette, and Visanne among others, is a progestin which is available both in combination with estrogen for use in hormonal contraception and menopausal hormone therapy and by itself for the treatment of endometriosis. It has some antiandrogenic activity in addition to its progestogenic effects and as a result may improve symptoms of androgen-dependent conditions like acne.
Testim · Testoderm · AndroGel
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid. In male humans, testosterone plays a key role in the development of male reproductive tissues such as testes and prostate, as well as promoting secondary sexual characteristics such as increased muscle and bone mass, and the growth of body hair. In addition, testosterone is involved in health and well-being, and the prevention of osteoporosis.
Eulexin · Euflex · SCH 13521
Flutamide, sold under the brand name Eulexin among others, is a nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) which is used primarily to treat prostate cancer. It is also used in the treatment of androgen-dependent conditions like acne, excessive hair growth, and high androgen levels in women. It is taken by mouth, usually three times per day.
Marvelon · 13-Ethyl-11-methylene-18,19-dinor-17 alpha-pregn-4-en-20-yn-17-ol · Org2969
Desogestrel, sold under the brand names Cerazette, Desogen, Marvelon, and Mircette among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills. It is also used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms. The medication is used alone or in combination with an estrogen.
Vistimon · Schering Brand of Mesterolone · Mesterolone Schering Brand
Mesterolone, sold under the brand name Proviron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels. It has also been used to treat male infertility, although this use is controversial. It is taken by mouth.