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www.sigmaaldrich.com, Psychoactive drugs


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Caffeine (58-08-2, 95789-13-2)  
Vivarin  ·  No Doz  ·  Caffedrine
Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class. It is the world's most widely consumed psychoactive drug. Unlike many other psychoactive substances, it is legal and unregulated in nearly all parts of the world.
HYDRAZINE (302-01-2)  
hydrazine hydrate  ·  hydrazine sulfate  ·  hydrazine dihydrochloride
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula N 2H 4 (also written H 2NNH 2), archaically called diamidogen. A simple pnictogen hydride, it is a colorless flammable liquid with an ammonia-like odour. Hydrazine is highly toxic and dangerously unstable unless handled in solution.
Diacetylmorphine (561-27-3)  
Heroin  ·  Diamorphine  ·  Heroin Hydrochloride
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects. Medically it is used in several countries to relieve pain or in opioid replacement therapy. Heroin is typically injected, usually into a vein; however, it can also be smoked, snorted or inhaled.
cocaine (50-36-2)  
Cocaine Hydrochloride  ·  Cocaine HCl
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug. It is commonly snorted, inhaled as smoke, or as a solution injected into a vein. Mental effects may include loss of contact with reality, an intense feeling of happiness, or agitation.
toluene (50643-04-4, 108-88-3)  
Toluene , also known as toluol , is a colorless, water-insoluble liquid with the smell associated with paint thinners. It is a mono-substituted benzene derivative, consisting of a CH3 group attached to a phenyl group. As such, its IUPAC systematic name is methylbenzene.
midazolam (59467-70-8)  
Versed  ·  Midazolam Hydrochloride  ·  Dormicum
Midazolam, marketed under the trade name Versed, among others, is a medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping, and severe agitation. It works by inducing sleepiness, decreasing anxiety, and causing a loss of ability to create new memories. It is also useful for the treatment of seizures.
oxycodone (76-42-6, 124-90-3)  
Oxycontin  ·  Oxycodone Hydrochloride  ·  Dihydrohydroxycodeinone
Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid synthesized from thebaine, an opioid alkaloid found in the Persian poppy, and one of the many alkaloids found in the opium poppy. It is a moderately potent opioid pain medication (orally roughly 1.5 times more potent than morphine), generally indicated for relief of moderate to severe pain. Oxycodone was developed in 1917 in Germany as one of several semi-synthetic opioids in an attempt to improve on the existing opioids.
methadone (76-99-3)  
Dolophine  ·  Methadone Hydrochloride  ·  Amidone
Methadone, sold under the brand name Dolophine, among others, is an opioid used to treat pain and as maintenance therapy or to help with tapering in people with opioid dependence. Detoxification using methadone can either be done relatively rapidly in less than a month or gradually over as long as six months. While a single dose has a rapid effect, maximum effect can take five days of use.
Theophylline (58-55-9)  
Theon  ·  Constant T  ·  Elixophyllin
Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine and caffeine, and is readily found in nature, and is present in tea (Camellia sinensis) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao). A small amount of theophylline is one of the products of caffeine metabolic processing in the liver.
hydromorphone (466-99-9, 71-68-1)  
Dilaudid  ·  Dihydromorphinone  ·  Hydromorphone Hydrochloride
Hydromorphone, also known as dihydromorphinone, and sold under the brand name Dilaudid, among others, is a centrally acting pain medication of the opioid class. It is made from morphine. Comparatively, hydromorphone is to morphine as hydrocodone is to codeine – it is a hydrogenated ketone thereof.
diazepam (439-14-5)  
Valium  ·  Diazemuls  ·  Relanium
Diazepam, first marketed as Valium, is a medication of the benzodiazepine family that typically produces a calming effect. It is commonly used to treat a range of conditions including anxiety, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, muscle spasms, seizures, trouble sleeping, and restless legs syndrome. It may also be used to cause memory loss during certain medical procedures.
Carbamazepine (298-46-4)  
Tegretol  ·  Neurotol  ·  Epitol
Carbamazepine (CBZ), sold under the tradename Tegretol among others, is a medication used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain. It is not effective for absence seizures or myoclonic seizures. It is used in schizophrenia along with other medications and as a second line agent in bipolar disorder.
pentobarbital (76-74-4, 57-33-0)  
Nembutal  ·  Pentobarbital Sodium  ·  Pentobarbitone
Pentobarbital (INN, AAN, BAN, USAN) or pentobarbitone (former AAN and BAN) is a short-acting barbiturate. Pentobarbital can occur as both a free acid and as salts of elements such as sodium and calcium. The free acid is only slightly soluble in water and ethanol.
L-tryptophan (153-94-6, 73-22-3)  
Tryptophan  ·  Optimax  ·  L Tryptophan
Tryptophan (abbreviated as Trp or W; encoded by the codon UGG) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. It contains an α-amino group, an α-carboxylic acid group, and a side chain indole, making it a non-polar aromatic amino acid. It is essential in humans, meaning the body cannot synthesize it: it must be obtained from the diet.
Methylhydrazines are hydrazines that have additional methyl groups. Heavily methylated versions exist as hydrazinium salts. Members of this class include: Monomethylhydrazine Dimethylhydrazines Symmetrical dimethylhydrazine (1,2-dimethylhydrazine) Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (1,1-dimethylhydrazine) Trimethylhydrazine 1,1,2-trimethylhydrazine 1,1,1-trimethylhydrazinium (cationic and exists as a variety of salts e.g.
Ephedrine (134-72-5, 299-42-3)  
Ephedrine Sulfate  ·  Ephedrine Hydrochloride  ·  Ephedrine Renaudin
Ephedrine is a medication and stimulant. It is often used to prevent low blood pressure during spinal anesthesia. It has also been used for asthma, narcolepsy, and obesity but is not the preferred treatment.
epinephrine (51-43-4)  
Adrenaline  ·  Epinephrine Hydrochloride  ·  Epinephrine Bitartrate
Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin or adrenaline, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication. Epinephrine is normally produced by both the adrenal glands and certain neurons. It plays an important role in the fight-or-flight response by increasing blood flow to muscles, output of the heart, pupil dilation, and blood sugar.
phenobarbital (50-06-6)  
Luminal  ·  Phenobarbitone  ·  Phenobarbital Sodium
Phenobarbital, also known as phenobarbitone or phenobarb, is a medication recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy in developing countries. In the developed world it is commonly used to treat seizures in young children, while other medications are generally used in older children and adults. It may be used intravenously, injected into a muscle, or taken by mouth.
L-glutamic acid (56-86-0, 25513-46-6)  
Glutamate  ·  Glutamic Acid  ·  Potassium Glutamate
Polyglutamic acid (PGA) is a polymer of the amino acid glutamic acid (GA). Gamma PGA (Poly-γ-glutamic acid, γ-PGA) - the form where the peptide bonds are between the amino group of GA and the carboxyl group at the end of the GA side chain) - is a major constituent of the Japanese food natto. Gamma PGA is formed by bacterial fermentation.
chloral hydrate (302-17-0)  
Chloral hydrate is a geminal diol with the formula C2H3Cl3O2. It is a colorless solid. It has limited use as a sedative and hypnotic pharmaceutical drug.
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